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Unformatted text preview: Organic Compounds The chemical compounds of living things such as microorganisms are known as organic compounds because of their association with organisms. The organic compounds , the subject matter of organic chemistry, are the compounds associated with life processes in microorganisms. Carbohydrates. Four major categories of organic compounds are found in all microorganisms. The first category is the carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are used by microorganisms as sources of energy. In addition, carbohydrates serve as structural materials such as in the construction of the microbial cell wall. Carbohydrates are molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; the ratio of hydrogen atoms to oxygen atoms is 2:1. The simple carbohydrates are commonly referred to as sugars. Sugars are monosaccharides if they are composed of single molecules and disaccharides if they are composed of two molecules. they are composed of single molecules and disaccharides if they are composed of two molecules....
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Pesthy during the Fall '07 term at Texas State.
- Fall '07