Pancreas - Pancreas

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Pancreas The pancreas is located just behind the stomach. Its endocrine portion consists of cell clusters called  the  islets of Langerhans.   The pancreas produces two hormones: insulin and glucagon. Insulin is a protein that promotes the  passage of glucose molecules into the body cells and regulates glucose metabolism. In the absence  of insulin, glucose is removed from the blood and excreted in the kidney, a condition called  diabetes  mellitus . Diabetes mellitus is characterized by glucose in the urine, heavy urination, excessive thirst,  and a generally sluggish body metabolism.  The second pancreatic hormone,  glucagon , stimulates the breakdown of glycogen to glucose in the  liver. It also releases fat from the adipose tissue so the fat can be used for the production of  carbohydrates.  Other endocrine glands Among the other endocrine glands are the ovaries and testes. The 
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Pesthy during the Fall '07 term at Texas State.

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