l01 - 20.110J / 2.772J / 5.601J Thermodynamics of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
20.110/5.60 Fall 2005 Lecture #1 page 1 Introduction to Thermodynamics Thermodynamics: Describes macroscopic properties of equilibrium systems Entirely Empirical Built on 4 Laws and “simple” mathematics 0 th Law Defines Temperature (T) 1 st Law Defines Energy (U) 2 nd Law Defines Entropy (S) 3 rd Law Gives Numerical Value to Entropy These laws are UNIVERSALLY VALID , they cannot be circumvented. 20.110J / 2.772J / 5.601J Thermodynamics of Biomolecular Systems Instructors: Linda G. Griffith, Kimberly Hamad-Schifferli, Moungi G. Bawendi, Robert W. Field
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
20.110/5.60 Fall 2005 Lecture #1 page 2 Definitions : System : The part of the Universe that we choose to study Surroundings : The rest of the Universe Boundary : The surface dividing the System from the Surroundings Systems can be: Open : Mass and Energy can transfer between the System and the Surroundings Closed : Energy can transfer between the System and the Surroundings, but NOT mass Isolated : Neither Mass nor Energy can transfer between the System and the Surroundings Describing systems requires: A few macroscopic properties: p, T, V, n, m, … Knowledge if System is Homogeneous or Heterogeneous Knowledge if System is in Equilibrium State Knowledge of the number of components 20.110J / 2.772J / 5.601J Thermodynamics of Biomolecular Systems Instructors: Linda G. Griffith, Kimberly Hamad-Schifferli, Moungi G. Bawendi, Robert W. Field
Background image of page 2
20.110/5.60 Fall 2005 Lecture #1 page 3 Two classes of Properties: Extensive : Depend on the size of the system (n,m,V,…) Intensive : Independent of the size of the system (T,p, n V V = ,…)
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 9

l01 - 20.110J / 2.772J / 5.601J Thermodynamics of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online