MIT20_020S09_proj_onc15_3id

MIT20_020S09_proj_onc15_3id - SIGNALING SIGNALING AND...

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Unformatted text preview: SIGNALING SIGNALING AND GENETICS AND VIRUSES AND VIRUSES SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION MARKERS AND MARKERS TARGETING TARGETING 3 Ideas Presentation Anonymous students MK, NM, and AW Anonymous 20.020: Intro to Biological Engineering Design 3 Ideas Presentation SIGNALING SIGNALING AND GENETICS AND VIRUSES AND VIRUSES SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION MARKERS AND MARKERS TARGETING TARGETING MISSION: to create an inexpensive and efficient treatment for cancer to substitute current damaging therapies such as chemotherapy and radiation SIGNALING SIGNALING AND GENETICS AND CHALLENGE CHALLENGE PROJECT QUESTIONS QUESTIONS VIRUSES AND VIRUSES SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION MARKERS AND MARKERS TARGETING TARGETING PHILOSOPHY: PHILOSOPHY: prevention before cancer reaches later stages and health is jeopardized stopping growth as a cure IDEA: look at cellular pathways and enzymes in order to understand pathways taken by cancerous growth, and how to prevent it SIGNALING SIGNALING AND GENETICS AND CHALLENGE CHALLENGE PROJECT QUESTIONS QUESTIONS VIRUSES AND VIRUSES SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION MARKERS AND MARKERS TARGETING TARGETING CHALLENGE: CHALLENGE: IMPORTANCE: to avoid use of chemotherapy to find pathways similar in different types of cancer IMPACT: keep healthy cells alive while stopping growth of cancerous cells better understanding of cellular pathways SIGNALING SIGNALING AND GENETICS AND CHALLENGE CHALLENGE PROJECT QUESTIONS QUESTIONS VIRUSES AND VIRUSES SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION MARKERS AND MARKERS TARGETING TARGETING PROJECT: PROJECT: POSSIBLE COMPETITION: similar research in area at University of California, “Glivec,” pill for treatment of leukemia, inhibitor KNOWNS: certain pathways over-expressed during cancerous growth lack of certain enzymes leads to uncontrollable replication UNKNOWNS: which ones, how many different pathways are involved SIGNALING SIGNALING AND GENETICS AND CHALLENGE CHALLENGE PROJECT QUESTIONS QUESTIONS VIRUSES AND VIRUSES SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION MARKERS AND MARKERS TARGETING TARGETING QUESTIONS: QUESTIONS: BUILDABLE? done before for other cell types, specific pathways used for cure SAFE? SECURE? interrupting normal cell growth effects of introducing “working” enzymes to replace lack SIGNALING SIGNALING AND GENETICS AND VIRUSES AND VIRUSES SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION CHALLENGE CHALLENGE PROJECT QUESTIONS QUESTIONS MARKERS AND MARKERS TARGETING TARGETING PHILOSOPHY: PHILOSOPHY: to discover efficient ways to attack cancerous cells of the immune system to find pattern which will enable just tumorprone cells to be targeted and suppressed/destroyed IDEA: using recombinant DNA, and viruses (retrovirus and DNA), to insert sequence to cease mitotic divisions in cancer cells insert nonsense sequences into important regions or use lysogenic/lytic cycle to destroy the cell SIGNALING SIGNALING AND GENETICS AND VIRUSES AND VIRUSES SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION CHALLENGE CHALLENGE PROJECT QUESTIONS QUESTIONS MARKERS AND MARKERS TARGETING TARGETING CHALLENGE: CHALLENGE: IMPORTANCE: improve lives of those living with cancer use model to target a wider range of cancers and inhibit metastasis IMPACT: easy to program virus to change DNA of cells, easy to produce could halt tumor growth early on ends the possibility of metastasis which leads to further health problems in a patient SIGNALING SIGNALING AND GENETICS AND VIRUSES AND VIRUSES SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION CHALLENGE CHALLENGE PROJECT QUESTIONS QUESTIONS MARKERS AND MARKERS TARGETING TARGETING PROJECT: PROJECT: POSSIBLE COMPETITION: research in cold virus against tumor cells KNOWNS: gene types a retrovirus needs to transform a cell to a cancerous cell mechanism of cancer-causing viruses link between oncogenes in viruses and oncogenes in cancerous cells UNKNOWNS: how to make virus only attack cancer cells, the markers on cancer cells and how they may change SIGNALING SIGNALING AND GENETICS AND VIRUSES AND VIRUSES SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION CHALLENGE CHALLENGE PROJECT QUESTIONS QUESTIONS MARKERS AND MARKERS TARGETING TARGETING QUESTIONS: QUESTIONS: BUILDABLE? genetic recombination of this type has been done before virus previously engineered to fight disease SAFE? SECURE? how to ensure that only cancerous cells are attacked by virus possibility that virus administered in-vivo could become cause of cancer in other cells, examples: “Bubble Boy Disease” SIGNALING SIGNALING AND GENETICS AND VIRUSES AND VIRUSES SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION MARKERS AND MARKERS TARGETING TARGETING CHALLENGE CHALLENGE PROJECT QUESTIONS QUESTIONS Image removed due to copyright Image removed due to copyright restrictions. restrictions. Diagram of tumor initiation and Diagram of tumor initiation and metastasis. metastasis. Figure in Chiang, . ., an J. Figure 11in Chiang, AA.CC.,anddJ. Massague “Molecular Basis of Massague. .“Molecular Basis of Metastasis.” NEJM 359, no. 6 Metastasis.” NEJM 359, no. 226 (2008): 814-2823. (2008): 22814-2823. PHILOSOPHY: PHILOSOPHY: way to attack or inhibit cancer cells without introducing foreign agents/chemicals combat metastasis by targeting late-stage tumor cells or cancer cells in transit IDEA: identify specific markers on late-stage cancer cells and develop chemotaxis to track movements of tumors engineer cells from patient to target cells at source or in blood/lymph release chemical agents through cell-to-cell juxtacrine sensing SIGNALING SIGNALING AND GENETICS AND VIRUSES AND VIRUSES SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION MARKERS AND MARKERS TARGETING TARGETING CHALLENGE CHALLENGE PROJECT QUESTIONS QUESTIONS CHALLENGE: CHALLENGE: IMPORTANCE: to eliminate cancer cells or prevent spread without harming normal cells to counteract metastasis, decisive process IMPACT: will deter destruction of normal cell function and keep organ systems intact could help deal with major cause of death due to cancer if tailored with chemical markers for each cell type, could work as general inhibitor of tumor spread SIGNALING SIGNALING AND GENETICS AND VIRUSES AND VIRUSES SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION PROJECT: PROJECT: MARKERS AND MARKERS TARGETING TARGETING CHALLENGE CHALLENGE PROJECT QUESTIONS QUESTIONS POSSIBLE COMPETITION: “dBaits,” other “decoy” mechanisms research in juxtacrine signaling can trigger non-growth in cancer cells KNOWNS: effective chemicals for killing cancerous cells, hormones and receptors for growth UNKNOWNS: exact markers on cancer cell types if markers proliferate and at what rate, is tracking possible in human body possible consequences in systems Image: US DOE / PNNL, http://www.sysbio.org/research/bsi/ SIGNALING SIGNALING AND GENETICS AND VIRUSES AND VIRUSES SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION MARKERS AND MARKERS TARGETING TARGETING CHALLENGE CHALLENGE PROJECT QUESTIONS QUESTIONS QUESTIONS: QUESTIONS: BUILDABLE? possible to build chassis from nondifferentiated patient cell recombination DNA to manufacture chemicals, protein receptors on membrane and chemotaxis ability SAFE? SECURE? possible that attack cells are rejected, could compete with normal cells too chemicals could reach outside of adjacent tumor cells and harm the body SIGNALING SIGNALING AND GENETICS AND VIRUSES AND VIRUSES SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION MARKERS AND MARKERS TARGETING TARGETING OUR IDEAS: OUR SIGNALING AND GENETICS figure out cancer’s cellular pathways and involved enzymes in order to understand pathways and use DNA techniques and enzymes to prevent or treat VIRUSES AND SUPPRESSION use viruses to infiltrate cancerous cells and cause cell-death or end mitosis MARKERS AND TARGETING develop tracking ability of tumor cells and cancer cells undergoing metastasis, use receptors for markers to find, touch sensing to trigger chemical deployment SIGNALING SIGNALING AND GENETICS AND VIRUSES AND VIRUSES SUPPRESSION SUPPRESSION MARKERS AND MARKERS TARGETING TARGETING SIGNALING AND GENETICS http://cancertutor.com/ VIRUSES AND SUPPRESSION http://medlineplus.gov/ http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi? artid=39356 Schleif, R., Genetics and Molecular Biology: 2nd Edition MARKERS AND TARGETING http://www.jci.org/articles/view/24652 http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/359/26/28 14 http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/cgi/content/full/68 /14/5716 http://jco.ascopubs.org/cgi/content/full/25/33/528 7 http://www.jbc.org/cgi/content/full/281/49/37728 MIT OpenCourseWare http://ocw.mit.edu 20.020 Introduction to Biological Engineering Design Spring 2009 For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use, visit: http://ocw.mit.edu/terms. ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course BIO 20.010j taught by Professor Lindagriffith during the Spring '06 term at MIT.

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