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a_short_history

a_short_history - – Nonsectarianism – Growth of the...

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A Very Short History of Higher Education in the U.S.
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Pre Civil War Harvard founded in 1636 to create a literate, college-trained clergy General characteristics of universities Purpose was to train the intellect and build character Classical curriculum Student behavior closely regulated
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Post Civil War: Reform Motivators Federal land grants Growth of industry Model of German universities Growth of science Changes Freeing of requirements and new course offerings “Vocational” training
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Unformatted text preview: – Nonsectarianism – Growth of the extra curriculum • Debates: Breadth versus depth 20 th and 21 st Century “Increases” • Number of universities (especially community colleges) • Number of B.A.s – From 1945 to 2000, number of B.A.s increased from 157,000 to 1.2 million • Number of faculty increased sevenfold • Cost of tuition • Diversity on campus • Use of technology • Number of specialties • Importance of research...
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