0201_langua_intr

0201_langua_intr - Psycholinguistics: Introduction 9.59 /...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Psycholinguistics: Introduction 9.59 / 24.905 February 1, 2005 Instructor: Ted Gibson Why Study Language? • W hirs, pops, beeps ⇒ ideas When a male octopus spots a female, his normally grayish body suddenly becomes striped. He swims above the female and begins caressing her with seven of his arms. If she allows this, he will quickly reach toward her and slip his 8 th arm into her breathing tube. A series of sperm packets move slowly through a groove in his arm, finally to slip into the mantle cavity of the female. • W hirs, pops, beeps ⇒ ideas When Dixie opens the door to Tad, she is stunned, because she thought he was dead. She slams it in his face and then tries to escape. However, when Tad says “I love you”, she lets him in. Tad comforts her and they become passionate. When Brian interrupts, Dixie tells a stunned Tad that she and Brian were married earlier that day. With much difficulty, Dixie informs Brian that things are nowhere near finished between her and Tad. Then she spills the news that Jamie is Tad’s son. “My what?” says a shocked Tad. Puzzle: How do we process sentences? Sometimes the context helps: Please pass me the book on the table. Puzzle: How do we process sentences? Often the context does not help: Giant lizard-like creatures are descending from spaceships and attacking Boston. A body-building Austrian nicknamed “The Terminator” will be elected to a major political office. The structure of language Sound structure: phonetics and phonology “cat” = /k/ + /æ/ + /t/ “eat” = /i/ + /t/ “rough” = /r/ + / Λ / + /f/ Minimal meaning units: morphemes “cat”, “dog”, “eat”, “go”, “-s”, “-ing” The structure of language Words: cat, cats, eat, eating, eats Sentence structure: syntax The cat is eating the mouse. * mouse cat the is the eating. The dog which the cat scratched ran away. * scratched the which away dog cat the ran. The structure of language Discourse structure ok: The cat chased the mouse. Then the cat caught the mouse....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course BIO 9.07 taught by Professor Ruthrosenholtz during the Spring '04 term at MIT.

Page1 / 30

0201_langua_intr - Psycholinguistics: Introduction 9.59 /...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online