lecture06

lecture06 - Sensory, short- term, and working memory Paymon...

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Unformatted text preview: Sensory, short- term, and working memory Paymon Hosseini 10/10/2007 Image removed due to copyright restrictions. Cartoon involving long- and short-term memory. Outline Review: memory is not monolithic Temporary memory systems Evidence for short-term memory (STM) Evidence for sensory memory How do temporary memory systems interact? Atkinson-Shiffrin model of STM Evidence against Atkinson-Shiffrin model Baddeley-Hitch model of STM Outline Review: memory is not monolithic Temporary memory systems Evidence for short-term memory (STM) Evidence for sensory memory How do temporary memory systems interact? Atkinson-Shiffrin model of STM Evidence against Atkinson-Shiffrin model Baddeley-Hitch model of STM Memory is not monolithic Short-term memory Long-term memory Squire, 1996 Secondary memory (LTM) the knowledge of a former state of mind after it has already once dropped from consciousness Primary memory (STM) information remaining in consciousness after it has been perceived William James Memory Declarative (Explicit) Facts Events Skills and Habits Priming and Perceptual Learning Nondeclarative (Implicit) Simple Classical Conditioning Nonassocative Learning Emotional Responses Skeletal Responses Reflex Pathways Cerebellum Amygdala Neocortex Striatum Medial Temporal Lobe Diencephalon Figure by MIT OpenCourseWare. Outline Review: memory is not monolithic Temporary memory systems Evidence for short-term memory (STM) Evidence for sensory memory How do temporary memory systems interact? Atkinson-Shiffrin model of STM Evidence against Atkinson-Shiffrin model Baddeley-Hitch model of STM STM Short-term memory (STM) refers to memory processes that retain information only temporarily, until information is either forgotten or becomes incorporated into a more stable, potentially permanent long-term store Memorize: 773-562-5519 STM can be dissociated from LTM Capacity of short-term memory is limited Miller, 1956 Duration of short-term memory is brief Peterson and Peterson, 1959 Two storage mechanisms active in free recall Glanzer and Cunitz, 1966 Impact of neurological damage on STM H.M. K.F. C.W. Capacity Memorize a sequence of digits letters words Repeat in original order Miller, 1956 chunks 873 259 4356 Capacity of STM is limited Span: 7 2 8 7 3 2 5 9 4 3 5 6 Image removed due to copyright restrictions. Duration * 506 503 500 CHJ Peterson and Peterson, 1959 CHJ 506 Without attention and rehearsal, information is lost rapidly from STM Image removed due to copyright restrictions....
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lecture06 - Sensory, short- term, and working memory Paymon...

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