Psycholgy  - Psych Chapter...

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Psych Chapter 17 -proximity: (interaction accessibility) -need someone to be there physically, both parties interested in having a relationship -dependent upon person’s ability to communicate/interact -interpersonal rewards: -social exchange theories based on behaviorist principles which suggest that the foundation of relationships is reciprocal rewards -social exchange theories: theories based on behaviorist principles which suggest that the foundation of relationships -physical attractiveness: beauty is in the eye of the beholder à false -similarity: -similarity of shared values is important - more you share values, more you understand who the other person is -marital happiness is highest until first pregnancy -view of beauty not entirely specific, facial attractiveness rated in similar ways - ethical hedonism: school of philosophical thought which asserts that all behavior, no matter how apparently altruistic is and should be designed to increase one’s own pleasure or reduce one’s own plan - more densely populated a city, the less people help -more likely to help a stranger who is similar to you -people higher in empathy feel more responsible to help -most batterers do not begin abusing their partners until the woman has made an emotional commitment to them à attacks likely during pregnancy -behavior not consciously intended as sadistic à passive aggressive -aggressive behavior is related to testosterone; testosterone doesn’t cause aggression in absence of environmental triggers -frustration-aggression hypothesis: when people are frustrated in achieving a goal, they may become aggressive à Dollard and Miller -shame/worthlessness triggers violence -violence in media teaches children aggression; most important modeling of aggression close to home; TV violence likely to have a stronger impact on people who are already highly aggressive
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-self-fulfilling prophecies: impressions of a situation that evoke behavior that, in turn, makes impressions become true -Solomon Asch
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Brill during the Fall '07 term at Rutgers.

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Psycholgy  - Psych Chapter...

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