Chapter 12 - Chapter 12: Personality Psychodynamics: a view...

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Chapter 12: Personality Psychodynamics: a view analogous to dynamics among physical forces in which psychological forces such as wishes, fears, and intentions have a direction and intensity Cannot be easily observed by other scientists Filtered through the biases of the investigator Do not easily permit generalization from one person to another Topographic Model Topographic model: Freud’s model of conscious, preconscious, and unconscious processes -the mind is split into sectors 1)conscious 2) preconscious 3) unconscious conscious mental processes: processes that involve a subjective awareness of stimuli, feelings, or ideas -rational and goal-directed thoughts preconscious mental processes: thoughts that are not conscious but could become conscious at any point much like information stored in long-term semantic memory unconscious mental processes: in Freud’s theory, mental processes that are inaccessible to consciousness, many of which are repressed -been repressed to avoid emotional distress Conflict Conflict: a battle between opposing motives Compromise Formations Compromise formations: a single behavior, or complex pattern of thought and action, that typically reflects compromises among multiple (and often conflicting) forces Ex. how people view themselves with a balance of accuracy of self and self-enhancement (self esteem) Drive Model Drive/Instinct Model: Freud’s theory of motivation which holds that people are motivated by sexual and aggressive instincts or drives Drive: internal tension state that builds up until satisfied
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2 Basic Drives Proposed By Freud 1) sex libido: human sexual drive, which refers as much to pleasure-seeking and love as to sexual intercourse 2) aggression Developmental Model Psychosexual stages: Freud’s hypothesized stages in the development of personality, sexuality, and motivation Developmental model: Freud’s model of how children develop, defined by his psychosexual stages Stages Oral: occurs roughly in the first year of life, when children explore the world through their mouths Fixations: in psychoanalytic theory, prominent conflicts and concerns focused on wished from a particular period Anal: occurs roughly around age two to three, characterized by conflicts with parents over compliance and defiance -linked to conflicts over toilet training -people with anal fixations overly orderly, neat, and punctual OR extremely messy, stubborn, or constantly late regression: reverting to conflicts or modes of managing emotions characteristic of an earlier particular stage Phallic: occurs roughly around ages 4-6, when children discover they can get pleasure from touching their genitals Identification: making another person part of oneself by imitating the person’s behavior, changing the self-concept to see oneself, as more like that person, and attempting to become more like the person by accepting his or her values and attitudes Structural Model
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Chapter 12 - Chapter 12: Personality Psychodynamics: a view...

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