Modern Jewish Philosophy Notes

Modern Jewish - Samantha Hod Modern Jewish Philosophy Spinoza 1632 1677 His family was considered conversos or marranos people who were forced to

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Samantha Hod Modern Jewish Philosophy January 21, 2010 Spinoza: 1632 - 1677 - His family was considered conversos or marranos, people who were forced to convert to Christianity by the Christians during the Inquistion but secretly practiced Judaism in their homes. - His family left the Iberian Peninsula and fled to Amsterdam, where he was born. - Loved Greek and Latin philosophy and was taught by vau Eudeu. - He was banned, put in “Herem” from the Jewish community in Amsterdam - Wrote the Theological Political Treatise Chapter Seven : How to Read the Bible - Criticism of a certain document of Scripture - His way of reading the Bible - Difficulties - Critique of Maimonides o He doesn’t like the people who find their own interpretation and include their own agenda into the text. They preach what works for them and ignore the actually words of Scripture. {Midrash – part of the Rabbinic literature} o If you really want to read scripture you have to interpret scripture like the way you would interpret nature. You have to look at it like the way it is. o Talks About Bible, Scripture, and Pentateuch Pentateuch = 5 Books of Moses Scripture = Hebrew Bible Bible = Old and New Testament o Important Steps to Understand: Do not rely on a translation. You should understand Biblical Hebrew. Terminology and phrases of the time Historical context and authors Example: God is Fire Search the other places this phrase exists. If in most of the other places this means god is literally fire, then that is what it means! Chapter Eight : Authorship - Who wrote the Bible - Why the traditional precipitous wrong o Pentateuch is not written by Moses. Spinoza believes this because it is written in the third person and the book talks about Moses’ death and stuff that occurred after his death. - Guide of the Perplexed/ Mave Nevuvhim Maimonides o First book deals with an early way of biblical methodology, metaphorical not literal.
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January 28, 2010 Ethics Part One Concerning God: - Self-caused = something that exists through itself alone, the existence = the essence, was not brought into existence by anything outside of it or an outside source, its nature is that it simply exists, one can not explain its existence through an outside cause - Finite = limited, can not be self-caused - Infinite = unlimited - God is the first cause - Substance = that which is in itself, self-caused, unlimited, all there is - Mode = something that exists inside substance - Attributes = accidents, essential characteristics - Monism = everything is this world is made out of one substance or one matter - God = substance, all living that exists in the world, infinite, eternal Preposition 18 Page 62: - Pantheism = everything is God o Radical pantheism = everything is made out of the same substance as god so everything is god - Immanence = in the world = pantheism Preposition 16 Page 59: - Active creation through god’s involvement, god said let there be light - Creation = active involvement, active formation
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course PHILOSOPHY 312 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Modern Jewish - Samantha Hod Modern Jewish Philosophy Spinoza 1632 1677 His family was considered conversos or marranos people who were forced to

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