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Modern Jewish Philosophy Review Sheet

Modern Jewish Philosophy Review Sheet - Modern Jewish...

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Modern Jewish Philosophy Review Sheet Spinoza: Bible Facts: - How to Read it {Chapter Seven} o Do not rely on translation. A knowledge of Hebrew is necessary. You have to understand biblical Hebrew. You must look at it the way it is. He does not like people who find their own interpretation of the text or people who try to twist the texts to give Divine authority to their ideas and inventions. o People say the Torah is the words of God and yet they do not obey them or take it seriously. o Read it methodically and do not use outside knowledge. o Should be familiar with the authors and the historical context. o Should be familiar with the terminology and phrases of the time. For example, if it says “God is fire”, you search other places where this phrase appears and if there it means god is fire then that is what it is! - Who Wrote it {Chapter Eight} o Pentateuch was not written by Moses. It is written in the third person and talks about Moses’ death and events the occurred after his death. o Some parts are written by one historian but overall the Torah had many authors Unity of the subject of all the books Connections between books Written many years after the events took place o Suspects one of authors is Ezra o The people who wrote it were prophets. Substance, Attributes, Modes, Free Will {Ethics}: - Substance = that which is in itself, self-caused, unlimited, all there is, nature = reality - Mode = something that exists inside substance, has attributes but is limited. For example humans are modes with in substance. o Substance causes modes to change. - Attributes = accidents, essential characteristics, prime major characteristics of substance o Attribute of substance is that it is unlimited. o Attribute of mode is that it is limited. - Free Will = There is no such thing as free will. Everything happens the way it does. Limited free will because you do not have unlimited choices. {For example, modes can’t just say I want to fly and fly} You are limited by simply being a mode. o Substance can’t have free will because free will is described as a need to change and substance has no need to change. Change signifies a need or a longing, which signifies imperfection. Substance has no imperfections. Mendelssohn:
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- His motto was “ be a jew at home and a man in the street” o Keep you Judaism in your house and keep it private but outside you should indulge in secular studies and other things. Response to Lavater: - Mendelssohn was publically challenged by Lavater to defend the superiority of Judaism over Christianity - Two Reasons Why Lavater Wanted to Challenge Mendelssohn: 1. Millennialism/ chiliasm generation, Christianization – if you can convert one of the Jewish leaders to Christianity, many other Jews would follow and convert, prepare the world for the arrival of messiah 2.
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