Social Psych Test Two

Social Psych Test Two - Class Notes: February 16, 2010...

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Class Notes: February 16, 2010 Social Cognition: - How do we process social information? - How do we make decisions about others? - Intuition? o Even experts don’t benefit from relying on their intuition. o Intuition is not always wrong. Intuition is correct some of the time. o Reviewed 1500 midterms and looked specifically for the erased answers 51% of the erased answers went from the wrong answer to the right answer. 25% of the answers went from right to wrong. Inference: - make judgments based on limited information Heuristics: - Benefit = faster judgments - Cost = possible loss of accuracy Representativeness heuristic: - Infer likelihood of group membership based on presence of salient characteristics of group
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- Loss of accuracy due to o Baserate neglect {fallacy} o Lack of diagnostic characteristics Availability heuristic : - Infer likelihood of an event occurring based on ease of accessing relevant instances - Influences by… o Recency of event familiarity with event o Vividness of the event or saliency bias Tendency to give extra weight to most salient stimulus in situation Hawaiian Shirt Study IV: Audio or audio and slides DV: Participation/ Contribution When people just listened to the conversation, they said all 4 people equally contributed to the conversation. When people had an image to look at, half of the people said person A made more of a contribution and half of the people said person B made more of a contribution. The conversation was the same, however, in some person A wore a Hawaiian shirt and in some person B wore a Hawaiian shirt. The Hawaiian shirt made the person more salient and memorable. Optimistic Bias : - Tendency to over estimate chances of positive and underestimate chances of negative experiences for self - Example: Where the women are strong, the men are all good look and all of the children are above average. False Consensus bias = tendency to overestimate extent to which others share our own beliefs behaviors Hindsight = tendency to overestimate the prior probability of event {exaggerate ability to have foreseen outcome} - 1985 Superbowl: o Miami verse San Francisco
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Miami was favored to win. 81% of students said Miami was going to win. However, one week after San Francisco won, these same students were asked to recall who they predicted would win. - Garmiss Study o People come into the lab and are told about Garmiss who shot an intruder who he thought he was armed. Half of the time. The intruder is a burglar, half the time the intruder is his daughters bf. o IV: How much blame do we attach to Garmiss o DV: change in intruder o People said more blame should be put on Garmiss when he shoots the burglar, hindsight bias, make a judgment knowing the outcome Gambler’s Fallacy = failure to recognize the independence of discrete chance of events February 18, 2010 Anchoring and adjustment = relying on an initial starting point in making an estimate and then
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Social Psych Test Two - Class Notes: February 16, 2010...

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