Social Psych notes Emily

Social Psych notes Emily - Samantha Hod Chapter Five: The...

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Samantha Hod Chapter Five: The Self: Structure and Content James I (experiential consciousness) and me (self-concept). We refer to the me. The self concept. My knowledge and my feelings about myself. The fact we have an identity and can describe ourselves are part of self concept. Where does this come from? Social interaction. How do other people respond to us. A newborn baby has no sense of self. The concept of self comes to be through social interaction. We learn who we are by seeing other peoples responses to us. This is called the looking glass self/reflected appraisals. Self concepts vary by culture. There are differences in the way ppl understand themselves. This can be referred to as me thinking vs. we thinking or independent self vs. interdependent self Video: self description is a way of getting at their self concept. Disctiction is between independent vs interdependent self construal (diagram) Independent- distinct and separate from other people. There is a barrier between where I end and other people begin. Interdependent- ppl define themselves in relation to others. Self concept (chart) Dif countries produce ppl with different senses of self. Difference is whats valued in the society.
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Beliefs About Self Esteem Self esteem - a global evaluation (affective judgment) about ones value and competency. Low self esteem is associated with depression and drug abuse, alcohol abuse, violence, low academic achievement Domain specific forms of self esteem- Sample Items from Rosenberg’s Self Esteem Scale How do we measure self esteem? Ask people to respond to questions. Examples of ppl who are high in self esteem: Person of worth Have a number of good qualities On the whole I am satisfied with myself Is this a valid measure of self esteem? yes Self esteem in not static, it can change There’s a dif between this and state self esteem (fluctuates depending on experiences) When ppl fill out these charts they aren’t distorting their responses the psychologists know they aren’t lying it’s a good way of measuring self esteem. Beliefs about self
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self esteem locus of control- set of beliefs regarding influence we think we have in producing outcomes. Inner- they think the success and failure is due to their self. Internal locus of control is correlated with high self esteem. Outer- the things they experience is determined by fate, other people, not them selves they have no influence. Bandura’s self efficacy- a set of briefs abt our ability to master skills and pursue goals. What aspects of ourselves do we decide to develop and do we allow to lay fallow. High- ppl who will persevere at a task. Devote cog resources to their goal. Low- abandon their tasks they don’t believe they are capable of accomplishing goals. Don’t devote brain power to goal. Sample items from self efficacy scale
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Social Psych notes Emily - Samantha Hod Chapter Five: The...

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