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Final Exam Review Sheet

Final Exam Review Sheet - Final Exam Chapters 9-13 Thursday...

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Final Exam Chapters 9-13 Thursday May 5 th 12:00 – 1:20 Review questions Chapter 9 – Achievement 1. What is achievement in the context of this course? Explain why there is normally no ‘walking achievement’ or ‘housecleaning achievement’? Which two areas particularly are studied in the context of adolescence? Achievement is the development of motives, capabilities, interests, and behaviors that have to do with performance in evaluative situations. This includes performance in educational settings and hopes and plans for future scholastic and occupational careers. 2. Why particularly is achievement an adolescent issue? Achievement is an adolescent issue because adolescents are preparing for adult work roles, making educational decisions with serious consequences, and evaluating differences in school performance in regard to future success. 3. What is the Need for Achievement? Explain the context of the theories from which this notion originated. Need for achievement is the extent to which an individual strives for success and is intrinsically motivated to perform well. This theory originated from wider theories of motivation. - Henry Murray – many needs and in different degrees o Example: need to collect things, some people collect a lot and some people don’t care at all o Motivation is a balance between all the needs - David McClelland – need for achievement, need for affiliation {to belong to a certain group}, need for power {need to be the boss} 4. What is Fear of Failure? What is your instructor’s opinion of this notion? “Fear of failure”/fear of success - interferes with successful performance - interacts with adolescents need for achievement 5. Explain your book’s notions of Motive to succeed and Motive to avoid failure. Ms = motivation to succeed , a need or sensitivity to the positive feelings that arise from succeeding at a task, when this is stronger people tend to choose intermediately difficult tasks and stay away from too easy or too hard ones - easy tasks guarantee success but because they are easy you don’t get much pride - if you succeed at a hard task you get more pride but very hard to succeed in hard tasks - Tasks in the middle, offer both a good chance of succeeding and a good amount of pride when you do Mf = motivation to avoid failure , a sensitivity to the negative feelings that arise from failing at a task and a need to avoid those feelings, when
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this is stronger, a person might choose really easy tasks to avoid failure and may try to avoid any achievement, they may also choose the hardest tasks because it guarantees failure which allows them to avoid the negative feelings that come with failure because everyone would fail at hard tasks 6. Explain what self-handicapping strategies are, and why a person might use these.
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Final Exam Review Sheet - Final Exam Chapters 9-13 Thursday...

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