methods_nl_sp05

methods_nl_sp05 - 7.02-SciComm Meeting 2: Materials &...

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In scientific writing, you need to balance multiple, overlapping methods. 7.02-SciComm Meeting 2: Materials & Methods 1 Experimental Procedure Writing Process Research Article Methods Section
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Modeling the writing process lets us know at what point to intervene/teach. before? Episode 1: Planning Episode 2: Drafting Episode 3: Revising Episode 4: Editing Goals/Questions for the Writer What do I know about my topic? What is my purpose for writing? Who are my intended readers and how much do they know about my topic? How is this task like others I have had What structure will work best for my topic? 1. 2. 3. Effective writers are able to self- monitor their composing strategies Declarative Knowledge : Knowing what strategies are available Procedural Knowledge : Knowing how to use a strategy. Conditional Knowledge : Knowing how and when to use a strategy. The goal is to develop all three types of knowledge about each phase of the writing process. 2
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Scientific writers need to control the rhetoric of scientific writing. finding in any given case the available means of Any writing act can be described in terms of rhetorical triangles. Context Writer Text Reader According to Aristotle, rhetoric is “the art of persuasion.” Writers balance the relationship between themselves, their texts, their readers, and the context in which this balancing act takes place. 3
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Purpose Content Audience Reality tends to complicate these triangles. –Imagined reader –Peers –Instructors More Rhetorical Triangles Multiple Purposes: – To explain – To entertain – To persuade – (To get an A) Multiple Audiences: –Real reader The result can be writer’s block! 4
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The research process and writing process share essential stages. questions Communicating audience idea Presenting final audience Research involves: Posing initial Exploring questions through discovery Revising questions based on findings findings to a specific Writing involves: Starting with an Exploring ideas through writing Revising based on reader’s needs product to a specific In both processes language is a tool of both discovery and communication. Writing and research are complex processes enabled by language. Paul Connolly “Language, oral or written, is an expressive instrument through which we communicate what we have previously thought [or discovered]. It is also the reflective instrument through which we think, alone or with others, about what we are doing.” 5
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The goal of scientific writing is to court your audience. Michael Halloran on Watson & DNA” Crick’s 1953 “The Structure for “The April 1953 paper, then, is really just the initial move in a rhetorical strategy aimed at gaining and holding the attention of an audience. As such, it presumes an understanding of science as a human community in which neither facts nor ideas speak for themselves, and the attention of the audience must be courted.” Experienced Scientific Writers… Seek Feedback
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course BIO 7.012 taught by Professor Lander during the Fall '10 term at MIT.

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methods_nl_sp05 - 7.02-SciComm Meeting 2: Materials &...

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