MIT7_13f08_lab08_Protocol_Designing - form) - Avoid primer...

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MIT OpenCourseWare 7.13 Experimental Microbial Genetics Fall 2008 For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use, visit: .
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7.13 Fall 2008 Page | 1 Primer Design Guidelines for PCR Reactions General types of PCR reactions you may perform: - Gene amplification (with introduction of restriction sites for downstream cloning) - Point mutations - Deletions General considerations for primer design: - Primers should be roughly 17-35 bases in length - Tm (primer melting temperature) ~ 55-70°C most simply calculated as Tm = [4(G+C) + 2(A+T)]°C or use a web-based calculator (e. g. ) - Primers should end (3’) in a G or C, or CG or GC improves efficiency of priming - Avoid runs of three or more Cs or Gs at the 3'-ends of primers may result in mis-priming at G or C-rich sequences - Avoid primer self -complementarity (within a single primer such that 2° structures like hairpins
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Unformatted text preview: form) - Avoid primer pair complementarities (primer dimers will form and be synthesised preferentially to any other product) - Avoid use of 4 or more consecutive Guanine nucleotides in primer (forms a significantly stable “cruciform” of “guanine tetraplex” 2° structure) Specific considerations for primer design: - Remember to maintain plasmid elements required for protein expression: • In-frame fusions • Stop codons ( reverse primer ) • Shine Dalgarno sequence ( forward primer ) - Always consider restriction sites available in the MCS (multiple cloning site) - When engineering restriction sites at ends of an amplified PCR product, always include a few additional bases after the restriction site ( sp ) Reference where more details can be found:
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course BIO 7.012 taught by Professor Lander during the Fall '10 term at MIT.

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MIT7_13f08_lab08_Protocol_Designing - form) - Avoid primer...

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