Chapter 13 Notes

Chapter 13 Notes - Chapter 13 Treatment of Psychological...

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Chapter 13: Treatment of Psychological Disorders Psychotherapy - the treatment of psychological disorders through methods, such as analyzing problems, talking about possible solutions, and encouraging more adaptive ways of thinking and acting Basic Features of Treatment o Client or patient o Therapist o Therapeutic relationship between the two o Theory about the causes of the client’s problems Form the basis of treatment procedures for dealing with the problems o Inpatients: patients treated in a hospital or other residential institution Their impairments are severe enough to create a threat to their own well- being or that of others o Outpatients: patients that receive psychotherapy/or prescription drugs while living in the community Tend to have fewer and less symptoms of disorder and to function better in social and occupational situations o Psychiatrists - medical doctors who have completed special training in the treatment of mental disorders Can prescribe drugs o Psychologists - in the area of treatment, therapists with advanced training in clinical or counseling psychology o Other therapy providers include clinical social workers, marriage and family therapists, and licensed professional counselors , all of whom typically hold a master’s degree in their respective fields o Therapy services offered as part of a hospital or outpatient treatment team: psychiatric nurses, substance abuse counselors, pastoral counselors, and a host of paraprofessionals o Overall goal of treatment is to help troubled people change their thinking, feelings, and behavior in ways that relieve discomfort, promote happiness, and improve functioning as parents, students, employees, and the like Psychodynamic Psychotherapy o Psychoanalysis - a method psychotherapy that seeks to help clients gain insight into and work through unconscious thoughts and emotions presumed to cause psychological problems o Sigmund Freud o Almost all forms of psychotherapy reflect Freud’s ideas One-on-one treatment method Search for relationships between individual’s life history and current problems Emphasis on thoughts, emotions, and motivations in treatment Focus on client-therapist relationship o Classical Psychoanalysis Developed out of Freud’s medical practice
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He was puzzled by people who suffered from disabilities but had no physical cause (conversion disorders) Began to use hypnosis, then had patients le down on his couch and report whatever memories, thoughts, emotions, dream that came to mind (“talking cure”) Classical psychoanalysis treatment involves the use of free association, dream analysis, and analysis of the client’s reaction to the therapist ( transference ) to help the client gain insight into problems Clients are first encouraged to recognize unconscious thoughts and emotions Encouraged to work through the many way those unconscious elements continue to motivate maladaptive thinking and behavior
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Chapter 13 Notes - Chapter 13 Treatment of Psychological...

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