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Book Notes 1

Book Notes 1 - BookNotesExamI .28 effectively,...

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Book Notes- Exam I Why Study Child Development-pp. 2-8 Understanding how children develop can help parents raise their children more  effectively, lead society as a whole to adopt wiser policies regarding children’s welfare,  and answer intriguing questions about human nature Raising Children o How to promote children’s management of anger Expressing sympathy Helping children find positive alternative to expressing anger Do the turtle  o Choosing Social Policies Making informed decisions about a wide variety of social-policy questions  that affect children in general How much should jurors and judges trust children’s testimonies in  court o Understanding Human Nature Children’s ability to overcome the effects of early maltreatment Historical Foundations of the Study of Child Development-pp. 8-11 From ancient Greece to the early 20 th  century, many profound thinkers observed and  wrote about children o Their goals were to help people become better parents, improve children’s well- being, and to understand human nature o They usually based their conclusions on unsystematic observations of small  numbers of children  whom they happened to encounter Early Philosopher’s Views of Children’s Development o Plato and Aristotle- believed that the long term welfare of society depended on the  proper raising of children Careful upbringing was essential because children’s basic nature would  otherwise lead to their becoming rebellious and unruly  Aristotle- all knowledge comes with experience and that the mind is like a  blank board Plato- children are born with innate knowledge o John Locke- table rasa  nurture o Jean-Jacques Rousseau- children should be given the maximum freedom- nature No formal education until age 12 Social Reform Movements
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o During the Industrial Revolution of the 18 th  and 19 th  centuries, many children in  Europe and US  worked as poorly paid laborers with no legal protections o The harsh conditions concerned a number of social reformers, who began to study  how such circumstances might be affecting the children’s development o A law was passed forbidding employment of girls and boys under age 10 Darwin’s Theory of Evolution o Published article “A Biographical Sketch of an Infant” about his son Systematic description of his day-to-day development One of the 1 st  methods for studying children The Emergence of Child Development as a Discipline o At the end of the 19 th  and beginning of the 20 th  century child development  emerged as a formal field of inquiry Universities established departments of child development
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