Comm Theory Mid Term

Comm Theory Mid Term - COMM 200 POSSIBLE TOPICS FOR EXAM 1...

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COMM 200: POSSIBLE TOPICS FOR EXAM 1 Fall 2010 Your exam includes 50 multiple choice questions drawn from all material covered in the course up to this point. This study guide lists the specific topics from which exam questions will be drawn. The exam will cover Definition of communication Communication is a process in which individuals employ symbols to establish and interpret meaning in their environment. Differences between linear and transactional models of communication Sources of noise Linear is message (info source)->(transmitter)->[channel w/ noise source]->(receiver)->(destination) Transactional - sender and meaning have different experiences and understanding. Context affects message. Has feedback coming to sender as msg is sent Contexts that affect communication: Cultural , Personal , Relational , Physical*** Characteristics of communication as symbolic :Symbols are abstract, arbitrary, and ambiguous Characteristics that affect communication :Communication is susceptible to misunderstanding, irreversible, functional, and learned Definition and components of theory: A theory is an abstract system of concepts that specifies the relationships among those concepts to help us understand a phenomenon. Components: Concepts - words or terms that label the most important elements in a theory. Nominal concepts are unobservable while real concepts are observable. Relationships - specifications for the ways in which the concepts in the theory are combined. Goals of theory: Explanation, understanding, prediction, social change, Definition of a paradigm and distinction between ontology, axiology, and epistemology Paradigms are intellectual traditions, or ways of viewing the world, that are shared by a community of scholars. Ontology - assumptions about the nature of human existence. Epistemology - assumptions about the nature, methods, and limits of human knowledge. Axiology - assumptions about the role of values in scholarship. Humanistic and scientific orientations to ontology, axiology, and epistemology Ontology - Do people have free will? (humanists say yes) (Scientists say no) Epistemology - Can people know reality (humanistic No) ( Science Yes) Axiology - Are values part of scholarship (humanistic yes) ( scientific no) Criteria for evaluating a theory Scope and Boundaries - range of comm. Behaviors covered by a theory Logical Consistency - does the theory make sense Parsimony - simple, without sacrificing, completeness Utility - useful, practical value Testability - investigate the accuracy Heuristic - generates new ideas / thinking / research, inspiration/ create Test of Time - relevance for today and future Difference between analogic and digital codes Analogic - symbols that bear a physical resemblance to the things they represent Digital - symbols that are arbitrary and do not reseble the object they represent Digital nature of language
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course COMMUNICAT 350 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '10 term at Rutgers.

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Comm Theory Mid Term - COMM 200 POSSIBLE TOPICS FOR EXAM 1...

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