POSSIBLE TOPICS FOR EXAM 1
Your exam includes 50 multiple choice questions drawn from all material covered in the course up to this point.
This study guide lists the specific topics from which exam questions will be drawn.
The exam will cover
Definition of communication
Communication is a process in which individuals employ symbols to establish and interpret meaning in
Differences between linear and transactional models of communication
Sources of noise
Linear is message (info source)->(transmitter)->[channel w/ noise source]->(receiver)->(destination)
Transactional - sender and meaning have different experiences and understanding. Context affects
message. Has feedback coming to sender as msg is sent
Contexts that affect communication: Cultural , Personal , Relational , Physical***
Characteristics of communication as symbolic :Symbols are abstract, arbitrary, and ambiguous
Characteristics that affect communication :Communication is susceptible to misunderstanding,
irreversible, functional, and learned
Definition and components of theory: A theory is an abstract system of concepts that specifies the
relationships among those concepts to help us understand a phenomenon.
Concepts - words or terms that label the most important elements in a theory. Nominal concepts
are unobservable while real concepts are observable.
Relationships - specifications for the ways in which the concepts in the theory are combined.
Goals of theory: Explanation, understanding, prediction, social change,
Definition of a paradigm and distinction between ontology, axiology, and epistemology
Paradigms are intellectual traditions, or ways of viewing the world, that are shared by a community of
Ontology - assumptions about the nature of human existence.
Epistemology - assumptions about the nature, methods, and limits of human knowledge.
Axiology - assumptions about the role of values in scholarship.
Humanistic and scientific orientations to ontology, axiology, and epistemology
Ontology - Do people have free will? (humanists say yes) (Scientists say no)
Epistemology - Can people know reality (humanistic No) ( Science Yes)
Axiology - Are values part of scholarship (humanistic yes) ( scientific no)
Criteria for evaluating a theory
Scope and Boundaries - range of comm. Behaviors covered by a theory
Logical Consistency - does the theory make sense
Parsimony - simple, without sacrificing, completeness
Utility - useful, practical value
Testability - investigate the accuracy
Heuristic - generates new ideas / thinking / research, inspiration/ create
Test of Time - relevance for today and future
Difference between analogic and digital codes
Analogic - symbols that bear a physical resemblance to the things they represent
Digital - symbols that are arbitrary and do not reseble the object they represent
Digital nature of language