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Unformatted text preview: Types of small groups- Primary groups: satisfy selves; Food/self-actualization exist primarily to satisfy our primary needs; i.e., Maslow's hierarchy or needs. Food water shelter, emotional connection, need to feel included. Inclusion is one of our primary needs. Usually these groups are long-term family, makes sure you're taken care of....Friends exist to make you feel like you're included. To fulfill that social function or social need.- Secondary groups: Focus on accomplishing tasks and they're formed for the purposes of doing work.; decision making groups i.e., groups in a class.....secondary group because once the task is done then that's it, you're not gonna be seeing them anytime soon. Meet our secondary needs control and achievement- Activity groups: enable members to participate in some activity, for the sake of the activity and the affiliate you get by being part of that group; to get recognized i.e., bonding, group membership ex: sorority- Personal Growth: i n these types of groups ppl come together to develop personal insights, help themselves and other people with personal problems, and grow as individuals with the feedback and support with others i.e., Show 'Biggest Loser' show that exists around people that come together to lose weight but they also learn about themselves and use that insight who grow together- Learning groups: Form so that members can learn/understand a subject more thoroughly by combing their knowledge and their beliefs come together to share knowledge and insights - Problem solving groups: form to address some condition or problem (community level) i.e., news about the small kid who brought his boy scouts knife, primary focus was to talk about this problem, he honestly didn't know he was doing anything wrong but they had a no mercy policy so it was a predicament. Come up with new policies ex:health services or alcohol awareness Health care stuff in the senate, those are problems that need a solution Stages in Tuckmans model of group formation Forming: meed individual/find out goals (get to know you) group finds out they have to come together for some purpose, we get to meet the ppl find out what the goals are, learn about;get to know you stage, and get to know the problem....we are FORMING Storming: different personalities (who you like/dont like) diff personalities get to emerge about who will be the leader of the group and so on, start to throw out ideas, there's a lot of conflict between group members about what role they're going to play and how they will solve the problem, what they will accomplish and now it's time to sort it all out. Norming: set rules/make stages develop rules for how we are going to function as a group....
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course COMMUNICAT 350 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '10 term at Rutgers.
- Spring '10