Corruption has proven to be among the most resilient and enduring problems facing police agencies.
Police corruption can encompass an extremely broad range of behaviors.
Definition-police officers are corrupt when in exercising, or failing to exercise their authority, they act
with the primary intention of furthering private or departmental/divisional advantage.
Rotten apple-asserts that the officers own greed, rather than the entire departments, is responsiblie for
Culture- claims that the corruption is the result of individuals response to the social, political,
organizational, and legal environment that shape the police culture and the police organization.
Lexow Commission, 1894.-systematic corruption, sale of police jobs, widespread brutality, and police
compliance in election fixing
Curran Committee, 1913-police extortion in gambling and prostituion.
Seabury Investigation, 1932-corrpution involving lawyers, prosecutors, bail bondsmen, court clerks,
magistrates, and cops. Commanding officers required to investigate all arrests that resulted in dismissal
Brooklyn Gran Jury Investigation, 1954(Harry Gross Scandal)-lucrative and highly organized systems
of payodds to protect gamblers from cops.
Knapp Commission, 1970-no political figures involved, resulted in new police magament(Murphy's
Mollen Commission, 1994-found that corruption is different in the 90s than 70s. Wasn't highly
organized, it was deterioration of many internal mechanisms and policies allowing officers or small
groups to engage in criminal acts. During this time narcotics abuse and crims were rising.
Most important initiative to emerge from the corruption refrom process. developed to ensure the quality
of investigations by ensuring all cases are continually monitored and evaluated. 1)Timely and accurate
info 2)Effective strategies and tactics 3)Rapid deployment of personnel and resources 4)relentless
Compstat Paradigm-compstat is management tools employed to great effectiveness within a radically
new and potentially revolutionary management paradigm. The paradigm presents police managers and
executives with a new way of looking at police organizations and police activies. It has created a new
definition-that which exceeds the minimum amount needed to achieve an objective. Excessive force is
the less common form of misconduct like verbal abuse or illegagl evidence gathering. Internal
control(personnel within department, training, supervisors) more likely to penalize officers than
external controls.(Supreme court, criminal prosecution, litigation, etc)
Citizens who have been victims of police misconduct can file a tort action in state court or initiate a
lawsuit in federal court under Title 42, Section 1983 of the US Civil Rights Code.
Early Warning - a new system for determning who are the 'problem' police officers, then the officers are