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soc. of mental health review - test 2

soc. of mental health review - test 2 - Ch 8 social context...

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Ch 8. social context defines appropriate responses to stress. SC = role occupancy ( worker, parent, spouse) and status assignment (female, black, middle aged) Study of stress dominated since 1940s- studies shown positive relationship btw. stress and distress in 70s researcher modified stress model to take into account the role played by social support and other coping resources. Different people in different groups perceive events differently. Divorce can be happy for one sad for another. Long term stressors that cause stress is more important and critical than short term stressors. Emotional support – empathy etc structural support (tangible, instrumental) – money, shelter, etc negative events (divorce, unemployment) may have negative effects on social network support unemployment and underemployment as well as job stress are some of the most stressful scenarios. More common over lower and working class those in lower social class (socioeconomic status or SES) had more schizo, depression, alcohol abuse, etc. SES = economic position $$, status or prestige type of occupation and education, and power one possess like political or power over others. 2 explanations for inverse relationship btw SES and mental disorder; social causation and social selection. SC= those in lower SES groups are subject to more stress such as poverty and unemployment and these high levels of stress cause high levels of mental disorder. SS= those with mental disorders will end up in the lower stratum of society. Women – more mood disorder, anxiety, and depression. Used to be though that the cause was hormonal but this isn't true. Women have more distress and men and women respond to stress differently. Girls are socialized to be other-oriented and to accept strong normative controls over their behaviors. Girls are more dependent on others for self worth Men – higher personality disorder and substance abuse. Socialized with less emphasis on membership and lower levels of normative regulation on behavior. Consequently men more likely to respond in anti social ways to stress. Chronic stressors fall much more on minority groups and they face more stigma. Racism causes a lot of stress. Lower SES black much more vulnerable to disorder than whites. Social position is structured by our age and social roles, and change as we age. Social involvement and investment in meaningful role relationships play an important role in mental health bc these relationships provide satisfaction, and sense of efficacy and mastery.
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Ch 9 Biological stress model – 4 stages 1- stressors (events or conditions) 2. conditioning factors that alter the impact of the stressor on the organism, as in coping resources in the psychosocial model 3 – the general adaption syndrome, an intervening state of stress in the organism 4 responses, adaptive or maladaptive (stress).
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soc. of mental health review - test 2 - Ch 8 social context...

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