Week+2+Understanding+Research+in+Society

Week+2+Understanding+Research+in+Society - Generalization...

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Understanding Research in Society Week 2
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What we’ll cover today Relationships between theory, paradigms and hypotheses What numbers mean, and why How numbers are used in different social contexts
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Review: Foundations of Social Science Theory: Describe what is and why Social regularities Observable patterns in social behavior
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Review: Characteristics of the Scientific Approach Replication Can what you’ve seen be seen by someone else ? Generalizability Does our study have meaning in another context?
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Thinking in the Social Sciences Paradigms: Theories: Hypotheses:
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Types of Scientific Inquiry: Deduction Deduction: Theory Observation C. Observation (data) A. Theory B. Hypothesis Problem l
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Types of Scientific Inquiry: Induction Induction: Observation
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Unformatted text preview: Generalization A. Observation (Data) O 1 O 2 O 3 O 4 O 5 C. Theory B. General Conclusion Types of Scientific Inquiry: An Example of Grounded Theory C. Observation (data) A. Theory E. Conclusion B. Hypothesis D. New testable research question (hypothesis) + “definitional funneling” (Dis/Confirm a theory) Problem l What do numbers mean? • They can have symbolic value • They can have instrumental value • A society that possesses numerical literacy knows how to critique research and the “facts” that result from it Numbers can be thought of in 3 ways: • As “objective truth”: As “subjective accounts”: As “ intersubjective realities”:...
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course COMMUNICAT Comm 300 taught by Professor Katz during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Week+2+Understanding+Research+in+Society - Generalization...

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