DukrheimJune23LectureOuline

DukrheimJune23LectureOuline - Development of Sociological...

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Development of Sociological Theory Manjusha Nair Key points o Emile Durkheim, Biography o Establishment of a social fact o Suicide as a social fact o Variation in suicide o Social integration o Emile Durkheim [1858-1917] o Born in Epinal, France o Durkheim entered the École Normale Supérieure o Durkheim was Jew, socialist, and non- nationalist o Involvement in the Dreyfus affair o Iintroduced social science curriculum 1887 o Chair of education in Sorbonne in 1902 o o Son died in war o Died in 1917 of Exhaustion Emile Durkheim [1858-1917] o Important works: o Division of labor in society 1893 o
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o L'Année Sociologique 1896 o Suicide 1897 o Elementary Forms of the Religious Life 1912 Emile Durkheim [1858-1917] Social Fact: o What is a social fact? “Ways of acting, thinking, and feeling that present the noteworthy property of existing outside individual consciousness” o Example? Every way of acting: o Capable of exercising an external constraint on individuals o o Existing independent of individual manifestations Emile Durkheim [1858-1917] Social Fact: o How can we know whether something is a social fact? o Try resisting it! o o Durkheim insists that social forces are coercive and yet this coercion is not felt or felt hardly at all
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Emile Durkheim [1858-1917] Social Fact: o Durkheim’s view on individual agency o Difference between a social fact and “the sum of individual consciousness” Emile Durkheim [1858-1917] Suicide as a Social Fact: o Significance: o First modern example of consistent and organized use of statistical method in
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2011 for the course COMMUNICAT 300 DoST taught by Professor Nair during the Summer '10 term at Rutgers.

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DukrheimJune23LectureOuline - Development of Sociological...

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