Interp+final - INTERPERSONAL COMM Fall 2010 FINAL EXAM...

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INTERPERSONAL COMM Fall 2010 FINAL EXAM REVIEW
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Definition of Communication n Communication is a process n Communication is uniquely human n Communication is a collective activity n Communication is creative endeavor n Communication is regulatory
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Jakobson’s Model of Communication Components (and functions) in a Speech Event Context (referential) Message (poetic) Speaker (emotive) Addressee (conative) Contact (phatic) Code (metalinguistic)
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Model: Factors and Functions n Speaker = Encoder n (emotive) expressive function of speaker n Addressee = Decoder n (conative) function of addressee (attempt/strive) n Context = Speech Subject n (referential) cognitive function of speech n Message = particular instance of Parole n (poetic) aesthetic function (sound shapes) of message n Code = particular system of language n (metalinguistic) “talking about talk”function of code n Contact = medium of communication (psychological and physical) n (phatic) social, relational function of contact
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What is a Relationship? n A constellation of behaviors n A cognitive construct n A mini-culture n A collection of contradictory forces
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Characteristics of Relationships n Awareness n Coordinated Interaction n Analysis and Evaluation n Outside Influences n Control n Communication for Development and Maintenance
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Presentational Codes n Nonverbal codes are presentational because you must be present to recognize them. n Verbal and nonverbal codes are interwoven and change the ways in which we make meaning n Gestures can enhance or detract from a speaker’s presentation
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Some Nonverbal Codes n Chronemics n Haptics, touch (Bodily Contact) n Proxemics n Orientation n Appearance n Head Nods n Facial Expression (eyes, eyebrows, nostrils, mouth shape) n Gestures (kinesics) n Posture n Eye Movement and Contact n Paralinguistics
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Chronemics = Time n Time and timing give meaning n Is it “too” early to tell? n Is she “late”? By whose watch? n We interpret children and adults differently n Timing n The speed of an interaction – is it a “brush off” or are you so close you speak in “short hand”
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Haptics and Proxemics n Haptics is touch n Back patting, hand shaking, bumping, pinching, kissing, embracing, slapping, punching. n Not always a good thing, often about power n Proxemics is about space and distance n Up close and personal or at “arms length”? n Also often about power
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Orientation and Appearance n Orientation is how bodies turn toward each other – can suggest intimacy, honesty, threat, attention n Appearance is a “fashion statement” n To be out of fashion is a fashion statement n The combination of all attempts at “a look” n Even is the attempt is to have “no look” n Hairdo, piercings, jewelry, clothing, makeup
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Head Nods and Facial Expression n Head nods are more common than we are aware of n Turn taking, agreement or disagreement, punctuation, rhythm n Facial Expression (separately and together) n Eyes n Eyebrows n Nostrils n Mouth
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Interp+final - INTERPERSONAL COMM Fall 2010 FINAL EXAM...

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