Chap13 - l Identity related to role Historical...

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CHAPTER THIRTEEN CULTURAL and HISTORICAL INFLUENCES: Communication Competence in Context
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Dimensions of Cultural Difference l Locus of control l Control vs. Constraint l Action Orientation l Doing vs. Being l Attitudes toward Time l M-time vs. P-time
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Dimensions of Cultural Difference (Cont’d.) l Connections to Others l Individualism vs. Collectivism l Communication Style l Low-context vs. High-context
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American Cultural Patterns Americans generally: l have a control, can-do orientation l value doing over being l prefer M-time over P-time l are individualists l use direct, low-context communication
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Barriers to Intercultural Understanding l Prejudice l Communicating Prejudice l Ethnocentrism l Assumed Similarity
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Cognitive Biases l Negative Interpretation l Discounting l Fundamental Attribution Error l Exaggeration l Polarization
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Historical Periods-Colonial l 1600-1780 l Basic unit is the household l Power is patriarchal l Basic manners are not refined l Love is a duty that follows marriage
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Unformatted text preview: l Identity related to role Historical Periods-Early Industrial l 1830-1880 l Fear of the stranger l Work and home are separated l The Republican Mother rears children l Character emerges; civility is valued l Romantic love is stressed Historical Periods-Modern l 1900-1960 l Mass consumption and the American dream l Home is a site for consumption l Personality must be displayed l Sex leads to self-discovery Guidelines for Adapting to International Differences l 1 Prepare ahead of time. l 2 Expect differences in material culture. l 3 Recognize unfamiliarity is stressful. l 4 Make contact with host nationals. l 5 Expect to make mistakes. l 6 Be nonjudgmentally curious. Increasing Co-cultural Understanding l Be open l Learn about history and experiences of others l Test out stereotypes l Develop empathy l Increase self-confidence...
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Chap13 - l Identity related to role Historical...

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