Chap04 - Chapter Four VERBAL COMPETENCE Types of Codes l...

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Chapter Four VERBAL COMPETENCE
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Types of Codes l Analog: based on similarity to object or action represented l Digital: meaning conveyed symbolically
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Characteristics of Verbal Code l Consists of discrete, separate units l Creates new realities l Allows new and more complex ways of thinking l Is self-reflexive
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Functions of Language l Conquers the silent and the unknown l Expresses and controls emotion l Reveals or camouflages thoughts and motives l Makes and avoids contact with others l Asserts individual and social identity
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Functions of Language (cont’d.) l Gives or seeks information l Controls and is controlled by the world l Metacommunicates
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Levels of Meaning l Semantic Meaning (the word) denotation connotation l Syntactic Meaning (the utterance) grammatical sequence word order l Pragmatic Meaning (the speech act)
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Coordinated Management of Meaning Model
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Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis l Linguistic determinism: language determines the way we see the world l Linguistic relativity: people who speak different languages think differently
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Chap04 - Chapter Four VERBAL COMPETENCE Types of Codes l...

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