In+Search+of+_Most_+Ancient+Israel

In+Search+of+_Most_+Ancient+Israel - IN SEARCH OF (MOST)...

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1 IN SEARCH OF (MOST) ANCIENT ISRAEL Gary A. Rendsburg Rutgers University MERNEPTAH STELE Egyptian Pharaoh (reigned 1224-1214) Earliest mention of Israel outside the Bible Only mention of Israel in an Egyptian text THE BIBLICAL NARRATIVE: 1) Family Origins (Abraham and his descendants) 2) Famine sends people to Egypt 3) Israel as corvee laborers to Egypt (the so-called slavery) 4) Israel leaves Egypt (the Exodus) 5) Wandering in the Sinai Desert 6) Entrance into the land of Canaan THE BIBLICAL NARRATIVE: 1) Family Origins (Abraham and his descendants) 2) Famine sends people to Egypt 3) Israel as corvee laborers to Egypt (the so-called slavery) 4) Israel leaves Egypt (the Exodus) 5) Wandering in the Sinai Desert 6) Entrance into the land of Canaan P. Anastasi VI 4:11-5:5 (reign of Merneptah, 1224-1214) The scribe Enana greets his master, the treasury scribe Qa-ga[b] . . . Life, prosperity, health! This is a dispatch of information for my master, to wit: I have carried out every commission placed upon me, in good shape and strong as metal. I have not been lax. Another communication to my master, to wit: We have finished admitting the Shasu tribes of Edom at the fortress of Merneptah Hotephirmaat, life, prosperity, health, which is in Tjeku, to the pools of Per-Atum of Merneptah Hotephirmaat, which are in Tjeku, to keep them alive and to keep their flocks alive, by the great Ka of Pharaoh, life, prosperity, health, the good sun of every land, in the year 8, day 5, of [the birth of] Seth. I have had sent a report to my master, with the other days specified when the fortress of Merneptah Hotephirmaat, life, prosperity, health, which is in Tjeku, may be passed. Shasu – Egyptian word for ‘bedouin, nomads’ Edom – country to the south of Israel (in modern-day southern Jordan and Israel) Per-Atum – city in the eastern Nile Delta, referred to in the Bible (Exodus 1:11) as Pithom
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2 Beni Hasan tomb painting c. 1800 B.C.E. Semites arriving in Egypt
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In+Search+of+_Most_+Ancient+Israel - IN SEARCH OF (MOST)...

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