1948 - 1948 Independence and Nakba May 14th 1948 May 14 The...

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Unformatted text preview: 1948 Independence and Nakba May 14th, 1948: May 14 The British Mandate is over 4:00pm Haifa: British Troops leave Palestine 4:05pm Tel Aviv: Ben Gurion reads the Israeli Declaration of Independence 5:10pm American de­facto Recognition of Israel 7:00pm Soviet de­jure Recognition of Israel May 15th, 1948: 6:00am 5 Arab Armies invade Israel The first Arab­Israeli War Begins War Termination: War Termination: January 6th, 1949: Israel and Egypt announce cease­fire February 24th, 1949: Israel and Egypt sign armistice agreement in the Island of Rhodes March 11th, 1949: Israel and Transjordan sign cease­fire May 11th, 1949: Israel is admitted to the UN July 27th, 1949: UN chief negotiator Ralph Bunche declares “the end of the military conflict in Palestine” April 24th, 1950: King Abdullah officially changes the name of his country from Transjordan to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Results and Consequences of the War: Results and Consequences of the War: 1. Israel increased its land area by 20% (up to 80% of the Mandate area west of the river Jordan) Jordan occupied and then annexed the West Bank and East Jerusalem. 3. Egypt retained and administered the Gaza Strip. 4. These borders were not permanent but they persist until 1967 to form the ‘Green Line’. 5. 750,000 Palestinian­Arab refugees 2. Mystifications: Mystifications: 1. 2. How did 600,000 Jews manage to defeat the armies of 40,000,000 Arabs? How did the war result in 750,000 Palestinian refugees? Answers: 1. 2. 3. 4. The actual sizes of colliding forces were 30,000 Jewish versus 40,000 Arabs. The Arabs were better equipped but with less skills to operate their weaponry. The Jews had a unitary command and concentrated troops whereas the Arab forces were uncoordinated and dispersed. The Jews were determined and motivated while some of the Arabs were reluctant and less inspired. Logistical and organizational difficulties on the Arab side: internal rivalries, long lines of supply and provisions. The Refugees Problem The Refugees Problem 1. 2. 3. Escape? Expulsion? Immigration? Were they instructed to leave by their leaders in order to create an international moral lever against Israel? Was it a pre­planned policy of the Israeli government to evacuate Arabs from the new State? Some Assumptions 1. 2. 3. 4. Israeli ambitions British demolition of infra­structure (1936­1939) Palestinian Elites’ desertion Arab League’s role ...
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  • Spring '11
  • gaza strip, 10pm American de­facto, 05pm Tel Aviv, Soviet de­jure Recognition, negotiator Ralph Bunche

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