Unformatted text preview: 1948
Independence and Nakba May 14th, 1948:
The British Mandate is over 4:00pm Haifa: British Troops leave Palestine 4:05pm Tel Aviv: Ben Gurion reads the Israeli Declaration of Independence 5:10pm American defacto Recognition of Israel 7:00pm Soviet dejure Recognition of Israel
May 15th, 1948: 6:00am 5 Arab Armies invade Israel
The first ArabIsraeli War Begins War Termination:
January 6th, 1949: Israel and Egypt announce ceasefire
February 24th, 1949: Israel and Egypt sign armistice agreement in the Island of Rhodes
March 11th, 1949: Israel and Transjordan sign ceasefire
May 11th, 1949: Israel is admitted to the UN
July 27th, 1949: UN chief negotiator Ralph Bunche declares “the end of the military conflict in Palestine”
April 24th, 1950: King Abdullah officially changes the name of his country from Transjordan to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Results and Consequences of the War:
Results and Consequences of the War:
1. Israel increased its land area by 20% (up to 80% of the Mandate area west of the river Jordan) Jordan occupied and then annexed the West Bank and East Jerusalem.
3. Egypt retained and administered the Gaza Strip.
4. These borders were not permanent but they persist until 1967 to form the ‘Green Line’.
5. 750,000 PalestinianArab refugees
2. How did 600,000 Jews manage to defeat the armies of 40,000,000 Arabs?
How did the war result in 750,000 Palestinian refugees? Answers: 1. 2.
4. The actual sizes of colliding forces were 30,000 Jewish versus 40,000 Arabs. The Arabs were better equipped but with less skills to operate their weaponry.
The Jews had a unitary command and concentrated troops whereas the Arab forces were uncoordinated and dispersed.
The Jews were determined and motivated while some of the Arabs were reluctant and less inspired.
Logistical and organizational difficulties on the Arab side: internal rivalries, long lines of supply and provisions. The Refugees Problem
The Refugees Problem 1.
2. 3. Escape? Expulsion? Immigration?
Were they instructed to leave by their leaders in order to create an international moral lever against Israel?
Was it a preplanned policy of the Israeli government to evacuate Arabs from the new State? Some Assumptions 1.
4. Israeli ambitions
British demolition of infrastructure (19361939)
Palestinian Elites’ desertion
Arab League’s role ...
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- Spring '11
- gaza strip, 10pm American defacto, 05pm Tel Aviv, Soviet dejure Recognition, negotiator Ralph Bunche