21+Hamlet+1 - Hamlet from the ancient story Amleth a 12th...

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Hamlet , from the ancient story Amleth, a 12 th Century Viking tale in Saxo Grammaticus's Historiae Danicae (or Danish Histories ), made popular in a French story in Belleforest's Histoires Tragiques , printed in French in 1570, 1572, 1576, and 1582. One English translation, The Hystorie of Hamblet , was published in 1608, though an English translation probably circulated earlier.
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In the original story, the Claudius character murders his brother openly, in front of the court. Belleforest relates that "insteed of pursuing him as a parricide and an incestuous person, al the courtyers admired and flattered him in his good fortune." Gertrude is also a knowing accomplice in the murder. Belleforest and Saxo cast Rosencrantz and Guildenstern as knowing accomplices to Claudius.
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In Shakespeare’s sources, Ophelia is a hired spy. The Hystorie of Hamblet (1608) renders it: "they could find no better nor more fit invention to entrap him, then to set some faire and beautiful woman in a secret place. . ." See Geoffrey Bullough, Narrative and Dramatic Sources of Shakespeare , (New York, Columbia University Press, 1975), pp. 7, 67 & 102.
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The Mysterious “Ur-Hamlet ,” ca. 1589, a lost play sometimes attributed to Shakespeare. (This lost source is called the “Ur- Hamlet ,” because of the city of Ur (now in Iraq!), the “source” of Abraham; hence, the source of many religions.)
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“Ur-”Hamlet (ca. 1589) lost play referred to in Thomas Nashe’s Preface to Robert Greene’s
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This note was uploaded on 11/12/2011 for the course ENGLISH 350:322 taught by Professor Fulton during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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21+Hamlet+1 - Hamlet from the ancient story Amleth a 12th...

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