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02 Measure for Measu - Measure for Measure(1604 Lecture One Allegory Allusion and Power Royal Patent to the Kings Men William Shakespeare Richard

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Measure for Measure (1604) Lecture One: Allegory, Allusion, and Power
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Royal Patent to the King’s Men “William Shakespeare, Richard Burbage, [and his company] freely to use and exercise the art and faculty of playing comedies, tragedies, histories, interludes, morals , pastorals, stage plays, and such others like as they have already studied or hereafter shall use or study …”
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The Names of All the Actors” First Folio 1623 VINCENTIO, THE DUKE. ANGELO, The deputy. [= Angel ] ESCALUS, An ancient lord. [= Aeschylus , Gk. Tragedian] CLAUDIO, a young Gentleman LUCIO, a Fantastic. JUSTICE ELBOW, A simple constable. MISTRESS OVERDONE, A bawd. ABHORSON, An executioner. TWO GENTLEMEN, Fantastics.
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Everyman “a morall playe” 1507 ALLEGORICAL CHARACTERS: God Death Mercy [Angel]
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Genres in Play Tragicomedy : Ultimately a form of Comedy, blends in elements of Tragedy (death, threat of death, tragic pharmakos or scapegoat, etc) in a way that leaves comic tone uncertain. Morality Play : Mankind (1471), Everyman Medieval genre, allegorical characters: Plot structure: character told he must die, and faces Judgment of God (given Mercy).
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Keywords in Measure for Measure Condemn or “condemnation” = 13 times Mercy = 17 Justice = 26 + 2 injustice Law = 25; 16 in Merchant of Venice A uthority = 7 Judge, Judgment = 13
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Allegories of Power and Justice
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Elizabeth I, Justice and Mercy
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Coverdale Bible, detail, Henry VIII with Sword and Bible
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Crucial Biblical Passages for Thinking about Power and Justice: Romans 13: Doctrine of Civil Obedience
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Romans 13.4-5: Monarch = Divine “Minister” with Sword
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The so-called “ Lex Talionis ” or “Law of Retaliation,” revoked in the NT Exodus 21:24: “an eye for eye, tooth for tooth,” a law revoked in the New Testament: Matt 5:38-42: “ye have heard that it hath been said, ‘an eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: but I say unto you, that ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn unto him the other also.
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Golden Rule (a Chiasmus: ABBA or ABCCBA Structure)
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This note was uploaded on 11/12/2011 for the course ENGLISH 350:323 taught by Professor Fulton during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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02 Measure for Measu - Measure for Measure(1604 Lecture One Allegory Allusion and Power Royal Patent to the Kings Men William Shakespeare Richard

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