8.5+Terms+for+Exam+Study+3

8.5+Terms+for+Exam+Study+3 - TERMS for SHAKESPEARE For the...

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TERMS for SHAKESPEARE For the ID section of the exam, remember that you will be asked to give the speaker, the play or text and context within that text, and the author. Then, you will be asked to write three or more sentences on the significance of the passage. Here are the terms that we’ve discussed in class; some definitions follow. Figures of Speech: Allegory Chiasmus: ABBA; Golden Rule: “do undo others as you would have others do unto you” Irony (Verbal, Dramatic, Tragic, Structural) Metonymy: “Change of Name”: “Crown” for power, “sheets” for sex Formal concepts: Morality Play Vice Figure Tragedy Tragicomedy Romance Tragicomic Romance Aristotle, Poetics (ca. 350 BCE) Tragedy: “goat song,” perhaps from Goat-Satyr choric play Peripeteia, “abrupt change”; recognition (anagnorisis); Catharsis Tragic protagonist is often a scapegoat, Pharmakos , whose death or ejection from the social group somehow cleanses, rejuvenates, or creates ordered society. Three unities in Aristotle’s theory of tragedy: Verisimilitude (unity of action), unity of space (stay in one place), unity of time (tragedy takes not much longer than actual tragedy – 2 hours, or at most a day – never obeyed by Shakespeare. Globe Theatre Renaissance, Medieval James 1, 1603 Geneva Bible King James Bible (1611) Luke 6 Romans 13 Divine Right Lex talionis of Exodus 21:24, revoked in Matthew 5:38 Golden Rule: Do unto others as you would have others do unto you uke 6.31)
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1623 Folio of Shakespeare’s Dramatic Works Three Unities : Aesthetic rules for drama set out in Aristotle’s Poetics, including the unity of action (verisimilitude), the unity of space (stay in one place) and the unity of time (play takes not much longer than actual events – 2 hours, or within the space of the day) Tragedy: According to Aristotle’s Poetics , dramatic genre portraying people of high estate and issues central to the state, with characters neither wholly good nor entirely bad, passing through change(s) of fortune, recognition, and catastrophe. Tends to follow the downfall of a central character (protagonist). Anagnorisis: Denotes a critical moment of “recognition” or “discovery” in which a character realizes the true state of affairs, having previously been in error or ignorance (classic example = Oedipus realizing he’s killed his father and married his mother) Catharsis : A purging of emotions through pity and fear at the end of a tragedy. Pharmakos: A scapegoat who is destroyed/driven out in a purgation of evil that restores order and stability to the state Comedy: Dramatic genre closer to the representation of everyday life than tragedy; portrays people of low estate and explores common human failings; ends happily for the protagonists (often in marriage) Tragicomedy: Dramatic genre combining elements of comedy and tragedy; moves from intrigue and potential disaster to a happy conclusion; produces a more balanced state in the soul of the spectator than tragic catharsis Masque : A form of courtly entertainment characterized by music, singing, and dancing as well as elaborate costuming and set design; characters are usually allegorical or mythological.
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