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ITSFinalStudyGuide - ITS 201 final exam review Military...

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ITS 201 final exam review Military Coups/Coup d’etat : military seizure of power through undemocratic means. Africa has been plagued by recurrent military coups that have undermined the continents political stability, economic development, and evolution toward democracy Hegemony: social and political power The hegemonic group is typically an elite minority which holds the majority of sociopolitical power “see-saw effect” privileging one group necessarily deprives another group Politically powerful people “have greater access to written, oral, and visual media Until recently the stories of marginalized and oppressed people have been exclusive dominant cultural discourses HISTORY WRITTEN BY WINNERS *Socialism A variety of political doctrines or movements that endorse a political economic system where property and the distribution of wealth are controlled by the community *Liberal Democracy A system of government that theoretically institutionalizes majority rule *Consensus Presidential and parliamentary political system : What are the 2 forms of political systems 1. President 2. Parliament Some like FRANCE combine both Locations of the first democracys IMF: International Monetary Fund (IMF) [oversees global financial system, offers highly leveraged loans mainly to developing countries] GATT: WTO: World Trade Organization (WTO) [rules of trade between nations] UN: United Nations (UN) [international organization, subsidiary organizations to achieve its aims, facilitates international cooperation] What are common characteristics of globalization? (Internationalization, increasing interconnectedness?) 1. Internationalization o International exchange & independence (people going all over the world making more money) o Increasing interconnectedness & interaction between diverse people, cultures, & states 2. Liberalization Free market (laissez-faire economics) Open, free trade Borderless global economy Let the people do whatever they want! 3. Universalization Spreading objects & experiences worldwide (computers and tv) Events in one part of the world have effects in other parts of the world (globalization, localization) 4. Westernization (modernization) Is modernization necessarily westernization? Often global does mean western and modern but not always. Are people mad at western? EX: stone age farm is not the best so what is modern and new is actually extremely old Threat to traditional nonwestern culture Form of neocolonialism? Traditional vs. western culture: “false binary” 5. Deterritorialization Transcend territorial distance & geopolitical borders
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Shifts in the way we experience space and place Tweet all over the world! *TNC: Transnational Corporation Any corporation that is registered & operates in more than one country at a time Also a multinational corporation (MNC)—TNC:MNC IGO: International governmental Organization (IGO) : organization with an international membership,
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