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Group processes 2011-1

Group processes 2011-1 - Group Processes Exercise If you...

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Group Processes
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Exercise If you could be totally invisible for 24 hours and were completely assured that you would not be detected or held responsible for your actions, what would you do?
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Characteristics of Groups 3 or more people Interaction, interdependent, influence each other Purpose of groups: Help basic human needs to belong, get information, establish our identity & social norms Members tend to be similar (age, gender, family, morals)
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Which of these are meaningful groups? Members of a fraternity/sorority. Y Your family. Y Members of the St. Louis Cardinals. Y Fans watching a Cardinals game. N People who wear glasses. N Employees at work A group of people occupying the same elevator
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Deindividuation Why do people behave differently in crowds than by themselves? Deindividuation: The loosening of normal constraints on behavior when in a crowd, leading to an increase in impulsive & deviant acts When people become deindividuated, normal constraints against deviant behavior are lessened. Feel less accountable for actions (more excuses)
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Deindividuation Dodd’s study 26% illegal acts (15% were to rob a bank) 11% sexual behaviors 11% spying on others
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Factors affecting deindividuation 1. Group size 1. The larger the group, the more deindividuated people become (feel less accountable). 2. The larger the crowd, the more brutal lynchings became; the more likely people were to taunt suicide jumpers
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Factors affecting deindividuation 2. Anonymity 1. The more anonymous people are, the more deindividuated they become. 2. People who wear KKK masks deliver more shock than people not wearing masks. 3. Anonymity does not always lead to negative behavior, just more group- conscious (increase obedience to group norms) E.g., nurse study What matters are the group norms, what others are engaging in.
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Nurse Study: Importance of Group Social Norms -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 KKK costume Nurse costume Identified Anonymous Shock level
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To Kill a Mockingbird http://movieclips.com/BNoYt-to- kill-a-mockingbird-movie-the- children-save-atticus/
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Halloween study Children at Halloween are deindivudated – they wear masks and travel in groups.
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