Social Perception 2011class

Social Perception 2011class - Social Perception Attribution...

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Social Perception
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Attribution Theories Attribution theories:
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Attribution Explanations of behavior (“why did she/he do that?”) Our attributions have consequences
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The “Players” Actor = person whose behavior is being explained one person can be both: we explain our own behavior
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Types of Explanations Internal- (“dispositional”) reflects personality and tells something about the person behavior is voluntary facilitates prediction of future behavior (provides a sense of control )
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Types of Explanations External – The assumption is that most people would respond the same way in that situation does not facilitate prediction of future behavior don’t know much about the actor’s personality
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The Nature of the Attribution Process Satisfied spouses tend to show one pattern: (e.g., “She helped me because she’s generous”). (e.g., “He argued with me because he’s stressed at work”). (Bradbury & Fincham, 1991; Fincham, Bradbury, Arias, Byrne, & Karney, 1997; Karney & Bradbury, 2000).
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The Nature of the Attribution Process In contrast, spouses in distressed marriages tend to display the opposite pattern: External attributions for positive behaviors (e.g., “She helped me because she wanted to impress our friends”). (e.g., “He argued with me because he’s a self- centered jerk”).
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Attributions Correspondent Inference Theory We learn more about the person when… 1. Choice:   2. Expectedness:  3. Consequences:
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course PSYC 2012 taught by Professor Michellestock during the Fall '11 term at GWU.

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Social Perception 2011class - Social Perception Attribution...

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