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Aristotle Liberty paper outline

Aristotle Liberty paper outline - Thesis Aristotle asserts...

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Thesis: Aristotle asserts his seemingly paradoxical definition of liberty by displaying the importance choice plays in the process of attaining it. He maintains the prevalence of choice at each step towards liberty; starting from the choices made by a citizen in order to cultivate virtue, leading to the decisions regarding interaction between fellow men for the purpose of growth and progress, and concluding with an analysis of the ways in which citizens choose the leaders and social norms they will follow. This pattern of choice grants control to men at all levels of political union and interaction, and thus asserts that choosing to control one’s self is the true form of liberty. Outline: 1. Virtues- self-control by choice. a. The virtuous man is one that lives a life of reason well, through self-control and habit. (has to be a habit so it becomes character, has to come from inside of you) a.i. The telos, or the achievement of purpose, it’s final goal, of man and also of the state is eudemonia or happiness. Eudemonia is the end of both the state and the man. State needs liberty to get here, man needs virtue. NEED QUOTE FOR THAT. a.ii. “Happiness, then, is something final and self-sufficient, and is the end of action” (1097b 20 Aristotle). Nic Happiness as the end. b. Man has chosen to make this a habit. Virtue is control. Once a man has attained virtue, he does not need the law to control him. b.i. “The agent must also be in a certain condition when he does them; in the first place he must have knowledge, secondly he must choose the acts, and choose them for their own sakes, and thirdly his action must proceed from a firm and unchangeable character” (1105s 30) . b.ii. Controlled when it comes to temperance, emotion, greed. b.iii. “Virtue both finds and chooses that which is intermediate.” (1107a5) c. The self-control needed to attain virtue is similar to the self-control exhibited by the citizens of a polis in order to create liberty. c.i. Choosing the leaders who will rule over you is a form of self-control, putting regulations in place that you realize will eventually get you to your end goal c.ii. “The true student of politics, too, is thought to have studied virtue above all things; for he wishes to make his fellow citizens good and obedient to the laws” (1102a 10). Nic Virtue facilitates liberty for the citizens.
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