PSY 101 Lecture 10-28-11(1)

PSY 101 Lecture 10-28-11(1) -...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Motivation  – all processes that start, direct, and  sustain goal-directed behavior (physical and  psychological activities) Motives  - the “ why  of behavior—what makes  people act we display motivated behavior whenever we                         work to accomplish a goal
Background image of page 2
Basic biological needs motivate much of our  behavior. Learning and experience influence how we satisfy  our needs 
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
instincts and   drives  – programmed tendencies  that are essential for the survival of a species   instinctive behaviors— fixed inborn patterns of  response that are specific to members of a particular  species 
Background image of page 4
instinct theory —behavior is motivated by  instincts do instincts motivate human behavior? Freud -  human behavior is motivated primarily  by sexual and aggressive instincts
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
drive theory —behavior is motivated by drives  that arise from biological  needs  that demand  satisfaction need:  a state of deprivation or deficiency drive:  a state of bodily tension—hunger or thirst—that  arises from an unmet need drive theory is based on  homeostasis a tendency of the body to maintain a steady internal  state
Background image of page 6
Drives – internal states that arise in response to  an animal’s physiological needs Hull’s Drive theory
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Drives are aroused by an unmet need. This deprivation creates tension. We engage in efforts to reduce tension. Restore homeostasis 
Background image of page 8
some needs have a psychological basis  e.g., friendship or achievement Two psychological factors in motivation:   (1) incentives (external stimuli that do not relate directly to  biological needs) (2) social motives
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
incentive   theory —our attraction to particular goals  or objects motivates much of our behavior incentives   are rewards or other stimuli that motivates to  act. They can satisfy a need or are in itself desirable.
Background image of page 10
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 32

PSY 101 Lecture 10-28-11(1) -...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 11. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online