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- Organic Chemistry Lecture 3 Image Michael Strck Inorganic vs Organic Molecules Inorganic Molecules > Molecules that dont have Carbon

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Organic Chemistry Lecture 3 Image: Michael Ströck
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Inorganic vs Organic Molecules Inorganic Molecules > Molecules that don’t have Carbon Hydrogen (C-H) bonds. The major organic molecules (molecules with carbon-hydrogen bonds) found in living things are: 1. _____________ 2. _____________ 3. _____________ 4. _____________ ? ? Image: Methane : DynaBlast Wiki
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Amazing Carbon Carbon is unique in many ways: The atoms can bond with each other to form long chains. Sometimes the ends of these chains join together to form a ring. C has _____ available sites for bonding in its valence shell, so it can form ______ single bonds. Double bonds form when two atoms share two pairs of electrons (two covalent bonds). Images : www.phy.cuhk.edu.hk/. ../laser/laser_e.html
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Organic Molecules - Carbohydrates • “________ hydrates” • One carbon molecule to one water molecule (_______) n. • _________ is a synonym for carbohydrate. • The prefixes on the word “saccharide” relates to the size of the molecule (mono-, di-, tri- poly-). You probably know that chocolate cake is full of refined sugars…carbs. You may not know that boogers contain carbs as well. Boogers are dried-up mucus and dirty nose debris. Mucus is made mostly out of sugars and protein. Looks like this little guy is double dipping. Bon appetite! Chocolate Cake Boogers
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Organic Molecules - Carbohydrates Monosaccharides _________ sugars (one molecule) simplest * glucose , fructose Disaccharides ________ sugars combination of two monosaccharides *_________ = glucose + fructose *_________ = glucose + galactose Polysaccharides ____________ composed of several sugars can be same monomer (many of same monosaccharide) or mixture of monomers _________ ____ carbohydrates: glycogen (animals) starch (plants) _____________ carbs: chitin (animals), cellulose (plants)
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Organic Molecules - Proteins Complex organic macromolecules fundamental to living cells. Composed of one or more chains of amino acids. Proteins perform many functions in cells, including: 1. ________________ • Components in cell walls, membranes, and within cells themselves. 2. ________________
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This note was uploaded on 11/13/2011 for the course BIO 100 taught by Professor Robinson during the Winter '08 term at BYU.

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- Organic Chemistry Lecture 3 Image Michael Strck Inorganic vs Organic Molecules Inorganic Molecules > Molecules that dont have Carbon

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