waves01

# waves01 - Ocean Motion Ocean Motion Part 1: Waves Mr....

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Ocean Motion Ocean Motion Part 1: Waves Mr. Coleman • • • • Why does the Ocean have waves? What are the parts of a wave? How does water move in a wave? What happens when a wave hits a beach? Define wave: Define wave: • Wave – a rhythmic movement that carries energy through matter or space. – in the ocean, waves move through seawater. Parts of a wave Parts of a wave Wave height Wavelength Crest Crest Trough Parts of a wave: Parts of a wave: • Crest – the highest part of a wave. • Trough – the lowest part of a wave. • Wavelength – the distance between two adjacent crests. • Wave height – the vertical distance between the lowest part and the highest part. More wave words More wave words Frequency – the number of complete waves (or oscillations) that occur over a given period of time. • But Mr. Coleman, why do we have to Usually measured in cycles per learn vocabulary words that aren’t in For the FCAT! the book? second. Amplitude – half the wave height Most waves caused by wind Most waves caused by wind • Friction from the wind moving over the water causes the water to move along with the wind. • If the wind speed is high enough, the water begins to pile up and a wave is formed. How does water move in a wave? How does water move in a wave? Some clues: • When you were at the beach, you probably noticed that the edge of the water goes back and forth with the waves. • If you float an object on the ocean, it stays roughly in one place. It is not pushed forward by the waves. How water moves in a wave: How water moves in a wave: Particles of water move around in circles. At a depth about equal to half the The farther below the surface, the smaller wavelength, the motion stops. the circle. At the beach: At the beach: • Wavelength decrease and wave height increases as waves approach the shore. Constant Wavelength Waves drag against the bottom and wave length decreases At the beach, part 2 At the beach, part 2 • As the wave slows, its crest and trough come closer together. The top of the wave is not slowed by friction and moves faster than the bottom. Now we wave goodbye to this part of Now we wave goodbye to this part of the lesson, for now. ...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online