Lecture 12 Making a living

Lecture 12 Making a living - Lecture 12 Outline 10/04/11...

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1 Lecture 12 Outline 10/04/11 Making a Living Adaptive Strategies: The anthropologist Yehudi Cohen used the term adaptive strategy to describe a group’s system of economic production. Cohen has developed a typology of societies based on correlations between economies and social features, arguing that the most important reason for similarities between two or more unrelated societies is their possession of a similar adaptive strategy. Foraging The foraging way of life survived into modern times in certain environments, including a few islands and forests, along with deserts and very cold areas – places where food production was not practicable with simple technology. Today, almost all foragers have at least some dependence on food production or on food producers; all modern foragers live in nation-states, depend to some extent on government assistance, and have contacts with food-producing neighbors, and many others. Band organization is typical of foraging societies, because its flexibility allows for seasonal adjustments in band size and work strategies.
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2 Members of foraging societies typically are socially mobile, having the ability to affiliate with more
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Lecture 12 Making a living - Lecture 12 Outline 10/04/11...

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