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Lecture 16 Gender differentiation

Lecture 16 Gender differentiation - Lecture 16 Outline...

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Lecture 16 Outline 10/18/11 Gender differentiation Gender differentiation: the cultural-specific conceptualization of the differences between male and female. Some earlier anthropological approaches to gender differentiation: - Public/domestic (Rosaldo 1974): the argument that the roots of female oppression lay in the division between the public and the domestic spheres. - Nature/culture (Ortner 1974): the argument that women were cross-culturally represented as closer to nature because of their role in childbearing, lactation and socialization of children, and that nature was cross- culturally evaluated as lower than culture which was associated with men. (The author did stress that the identification of women with nature and men with culture was not “natural” but was culturally constructed.) - Production/reproduction (Edholm et al. 1977): a theory based on Engels’ classic analysis that women’s subordination was due to the gender division of labor in human activities in maintaining social continuity:
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