Lecture 22 Religion and culture

Lecture 22 Religion and culture - Lecture 22 Outline...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Lecture 22 Outline 11/08/11 Kinds of religion and culture Cultural differences are expressed in religious beliefs and practices. Based on cross-cultural studies, four types of religion have been identified (Wallace 1966)*: - Shamanistic: in such religious tradition, special supernatural powers are socially recognized as being possessed by shamans, part-time religious figures who mediate between people and supernatural beings. Shamans use their supernatural power on behalf of clients for a variety of activities such as curing or divining. (Foraging bands.) - Communal: in communal cults, groups of ordinary people hold rituals or ceremonies for the entire community or parts of it. Communal cult rituals are not necessarily connected with the supernatural. (Food producing tribes.) - Olympian: religions with hierarchically and bureaucratically organized pantheons (collectivity
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
of supernatural beings) and priesthood (full-time religious specialists). Such religions are often found in societies with state organization and marked social stratification. (Buddhism) - Monotheism: same as Olympian religions except all supernatural phenomena are manifestations of, or are under the control of, a single eternal, omniscient, omnipotent, and omnipresent supreme being. (Catholics, Islam, . ..) Ritual, magic, sorcery, and witchcraft Ritual: a patterned act aimed at manipulating religious symbols. Many kinds of religious rituals are used to manipulate and control supernatural powers: - prayer - offerings and sacrifices - telling and acting out myths - performing music
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 8

Lecture 22 Religion and culture - Lecture 22 Outline...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online