Lecture 23 Industiral revolution

Lecture 23 Industiral revolution - Lecture 23 Outline...

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1 Lecture 23 Outline 11/10/11 Industrial revolution Industrial revolution in modern history refers to the process of change from an agrarian, handicraft economy to one dominated by industry and machine manufacture. Industrial revolution began in England in the 18th century and from there spread to other parts of the world. Why industrial revolution began in England? With limited labor power, England was already operating at maximum production, making innovation in production methods necessary in order to increase yields. English industrialization drew upon national advantages in natural resources (e.g. coal, iron ore, navigable waterways, accessible coasts). As industrialization proceeded, Britain’s population increased dramatically, and this demographic explosion fueled consumption, as well as experimentation, innovation, and rapid technological change. Britain’s colonies bought large quantities of English staples, as they were occupied by British settler families. Weber’s historical study of the relationship of Protestant values and capitalism suggests that religion and interrelated cultural values contributed to industrialization.
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2 Major features of industrial revolution: - use of new basic materials, chiefly iron and steel; - use of new energy sources, such as coal, the steamengine, electricity, petroleum, etc.; - use of machine; - mass production; - new relations of production;
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This note was uploaded on 11/12/2011 for the course ANT 2410 taught by Professor Peon during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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Lecture 23 Industiral revolution - Lecture 23 Outline...

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