Deforestation_FAO_forest+key+findings+report+2010

Deforestation_FAO_forest+key+findings+report+2010 - Key...

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Key findings
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FAO, in cooperation with its member countries, has monitored the world's forests at 5 to 10 year intervals since 1946. These global assessments provide valuable information to policy-makers in countries, to international negotiations, arrangements and organizations related to forests and to the general public. The Global Forest Resources Assessment 2010 (FRA 2010) covers all seven thematic elements of sustainable forest management: Extent of forest resources Forest biological diversity Forest health and vitality Productive functions of forest resources Protective functions of forest resources Socio-economic functions of forests Legal, policy and institutional framework Information was also collected on trends in forest ownership and management. Information collected and analysed from 233 countries and areas FRA 2010 is the most comprehensive assessment to date. It examines the current status and recent trends for more than 90 variables and all types of forests in 233 countries and areas. FAO worked closely with countries and forest assessment specialists in the design and implementation of FRA 2010. More than 900 contributors were involved, including 178 officially nominated national correspondents and their teams. Newest information and knowledge about the world’s forests and forestry 2
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Extent of forest resources Key findings Forests cover 31% of total land area The world's total forest area is just over 4 billion hectares, which corresponds to an average of 0.6 ha per capita. The five most forest-rich countries (the Russian Federation, Brazil, Canada, the United States of America and China) account for more than half of the total forest area. Ten countries or areas have no forest at all and an additional 54 have forest on less than 10 percent of their total land area. The rate of deforestation shows signs of decreasing – but is still alarmingly high Deforestation – mainly the conversion of tropical forests to agricultural land – shows signs of decreasing in several countries but continues at a high rate in others. Around 13 million hectares of forest were converted to other uses or lost through natural causes each year in the last decade compared to 16 million hectares per year in the 1990s. Both Brazil and Indonesia, which had the highest net loss of forest in the 1990s, have significantly reduced their rate of loss, while in Australia, severe drought and forest fires have exacerbated the loss of forest since 2000. Large-scale planting of trees is significantly reducing the net loss of forest area globally Afforestation and natural expansion of forests in some countries and regions have reduced the net loss of forest area significantly at the global level. The net change in forest area in the period 2000–2010 is estimated at –5.2 million hectares per year (an area about the size of Costa Rica), down from –8.3 million hectares per year in the period 1990–2000.
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