Lecture2.Energy+Resources

Lecture2.Energy+Resources - E NERGY CONSUMPTION W ORLD E...

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ENERGY CONSUMPTION
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W ORLD E NERGY C ONSUMPTION
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W ORLD T OTAL E NERGY C ONSUMPTION BY R EGION (Q UADRILLION B TU ) Region/ Country 2003 2010 2030 Average Annual Percent Change 2003-2030 United States 98.1 107.9 133.9 1.2 OECD Europe 78.9 84.4 94.5 0.7 Japan 22.4 22.7 24.3 0.3 China 45.5 77.0 139.1 4.2 Africa 13.3 17.7 26.8 2.6 World 420.7 509.7 721.6 2.0
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Source: US Dept of Energy
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US E NERGY C ONSUMPTION H ISTORY Source: US Dept of Energy What was happening here?
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Changes in U.S. Energy Consumption 1850-2000
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W HY ARE C OAL , P ETROLEUM , AND N ATURAL G ASES C ALLED F OSSIL FUELS Formed from remains of prehistoric plants and animals. Those energy resources that have formed as the result of the burial and subsequent transformation of organic material. Coal is mined from Earth and after it is gone, no more will be there. Burning coal produces more carbon dioxide than burning oil or gas; it also produces sulfur dioxide, a gas that contributes to acid rain. Oil and gasoline are liquid and can flow through pipes; it is inexpensive and simple to transport after pipes are built
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Raw bitumen – Asphalt like oil PETROLEUM (OIL) Syncrude: high quality, light oil Oil sand
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O IL AND G AS = F OSSIL F UELS Oil and gas are hydrocarbons , ring or chainlike molecules of C and H, and are organic chemicals. “petroleum” means “rock oil” or “oil from the earth”
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F ORMATION OF O IL AND G AS The primary source are dead algae and plankton Dead organisms sink and settle on lake, lagoon or ocean bottom With these organic matters together with temperature, overtime, these substances turn into oil and gas Long and complex process
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W HERE A RE THE L ARGEST O IL F IELDS ? Oil
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Lecture2.Energy+Resources - E NERGY CONSUMPTION W ORLD E...

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