Urbanization.p1 - Urbanization The next 3 lectures -...

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Urbanization
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The next 3 lectures - Urbanization Some concepts around urbanization What leads to urbanization City functioning – complex systems Effects of urban sprawl Strategies – sustainable cities?
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What is an Urban area? An area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it Definition varies by country Not agreed-upon international definition of what constitutes a city Defined by population size Population density Economic activities Melbourne, Australia Lubeck medieval town, Germany
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United States-Definition of Urban An urban area generally consists of a large central place and adjacent densely settled census blocks that together have a total population at least 50,000 for urbanized areas. Urban classification cuts across other hierarchies and can be in metropolitan or non-metropolitan areas.
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Other countries’ definitions New Zealand -a settlement with a population of a thousand people or more Japan -units with a density requirement of 4,000 inhabitants per square kilometer (10,000 /sq mi) Canada -an area that has more than 400 people per square kilometer and has more than 1,000 people
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India – 5,000 inhabitants with adult males employed primarily in non- agricultural work South African’s cities – any settlement of 500 or more people Other countries’ definitions
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Urban area
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Urban area
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Urban Sprawl - Urbanization When urban areas begin to spread into rural areas, it is called urban sprawl Cities usually begin to sprawl and suburbs get bigger to
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course GEA 2284 taught by Professor Annaszyniszewska during the Fall '11 term at University of Florida.

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Urbanization.p1 - Urbanization The next 3 lectures -...

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