Urbanization.p2 - Urbanization p.2 Urbanization - topics...

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Urbanization p.2
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Urbanization - topics Some concepts around urbanization What leads to urbanization City functioning Effects of urban sprawl Strategies – sustainable cities?
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Determinants of urbanization Three categories Economic Social Demographic
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Economic Type of economy system (market, planned, mixed) The degree of commercialization of agriculture The extent of diversification of economy The changing size of agricultural landholdings Degree of development of means of transportation and communication
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degree of commercialization of agriculture
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Social Degree of socio economic awakening Desire for higher living standard Appreciation of benefits of urban living The social value system Family system – extended vs. nuclear The stage of technological advancement The public policies
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Demographic The rate of population growth Magnitude of migration Pressure of population on agricultural resources
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More developed countries are more urbanized than less developed countries Less developed countries are rapidly urbanizing Caused by massive migration away from the rural areas People flock to the cities searching for a better life
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Main sectors of economy Agriculture, forestry and fishing Manufacturing Services (includes intellectual activities)
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Primary sector - agriculture Extracts or harvests products from the earth. The primary sector includes the production of raw material and basic foods. Activities associated: agriculture (both subsistence and commercial), mining, forestry, farming, grazing, hunting and gathering, fishing, and quarrying. The packaging and processing of the raw material associated with this sector is also considered to be part of this sector.
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Secondary sector - manufactures The secondary sector of the economy manufactures finished goods. All of manufacturing, processing,
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Urbanization.p2 - Urbanization p.2 Urbanization - topics...

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