Acquiring an Operant Response

Acquiring an Operant Response - Operant Extinction When...

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Acquiring an Operant Response New behavior patterns are shaped by changing the probability that certain responses will be made Animals learn to expect that a certain response will have a certain effect at certain times Timing of Reinforcement Operant reinforcement most effective when given immediately after a correct response Effectiveness of reinforcement is inversely related to time elapsed after correct response occurs Response Chain: A linked series of actions that leads to reinforcement Timing of Reinforcement (Continued) Superstitious Behavior: Behavior that is repeated to produce reinforcement, even though it is not necessary Shaping: Molding responses gradually in a step-by-step fashion to a desired pattern Successive Approximations: Ever-closer matches
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Unformatted text preview: Operant Extinction When learned responses that are NOT reinforced gradually fade away If reinforcement is withheld a second time, behavior will extinguish again, but more quickly Negative Attention Seeking: Using misbehavior to gain attention Positive Reinforcement: When a response is followed by a reward or other positive event Negative Reinforcement: When a response is followed by the removal of an unpleasant event Ends discomfort Example: the bells in Fannies car stop when she puts the seatbelt on Punishment Any event that follows a response and decreases the likelihood of it recurring Example: a spanking Response Cost: Reinforcer or positive thing is removed Example: losing television viewing time...
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Acquiring an Operant Response - Operant Extinction When...

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