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Unformatted text preview: Operant Extinction • When learned responses that are NOT reinforced gradually fade away • If reinforcement is withheld a second time, behavior will extinguish again, but more quickly • Negative Attention Seeking: – Using misbehavior to gain attention Positive Reinforcement: – When a response is followed by a reward or other positive event • Negative Reinforcement: – When a response is followed by the removal of an unpleasant event – Ends discomfort • Example: the bells in Fannie’s car stop when she puts the seatbelt on Punishment • Any event that follows a response and decreases the likelihood of it recurring – Example: a spanking • Response Cost: – Reinforcer or positive thing is removed • Example: losing television viewing time...
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- Spring '10