Alcohol - – Substance that alters or distorts sensory...

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Alcohol Ethyl Alcohol: Intoxicating element in fermented and distilled liquors NOT a stimulant but DOES lower inhibitions Depressant Patterns of Drinking Binge Drinking: Consuming five or more drinks in a short time, or four or more for women Serious sign of alcohol abuse May lead to up to 10 percent loss of brain power, especially memory Moderate Drinking: Drink slowly, eat, limit drinking to first hour of event Treatment for Alcohol Abuse and Dependence Detoxification: Withdrawal of the person from alcohol Occurs in a medical setting and is tightly controlled Oftentimes necessary before long-term treatment begins Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) Worldwide self-help organization composed of recovering alcoholics; emphasizes admitting powerlessness over alcohol usage and wanting to recover
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Spiritual component Free; around for over 70 years! Rational Recovery, and Secular Organizations for Sobriety (SOS): Non-spiritual AA Alternatives Some Hallucinogens Hallucinogen:
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Unformatted text preview: – Substance that alters or distorts sensory impressions • Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD): – Hallucinogen that can produce hallucinations and psychotic disturbances in thinking and perception Some More Hallucinogens • Mescaline (Peyote) and Psilocybin (Magic Mushrooms) • PCP (Angel Dust): – Initially can have hallucinogenic effects – Also an anesthetic and has stimulant and depressant effects Marijuana (Pot) • Cannabis Sativa (Marijuana; Pot): Leaves and flowers of the hemp plant – Active chemical: THC – Effects: relaxation, time distortion, perceptual distortions – Psychologically, NOT physiologically, addictive Some Health Risks of Using Marijuana • Can cause precancerous changes in lung cells as well as increased risk of prostate and cervical cancer • Can suppress immune system, increasing risk of disease • Activity levels in the cerebellum are lower than normal in pot users • Pot may damage some of the brain’s memory centers...
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY ps 101 taught by Professor - during the Spring '10 term at Montgomery.

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Alcohol - – Substance that alters or distorts sensory...

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