Caffeine - • Seconal and Amytal are two types GHB •...

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Caffeine Most frequently used psychoactive drug in North America Present in colas, chocolate, coffee, tea Causes tremors, sweating, talkativeness, tinnitus, suppresses fatigue or sleepiness, increases alertness May be hazardous to pregnant women if used excessively May cause birth defects Abuse of Caffeine Caffeinism: Physiological dependence on caffeine Symptoms include: Insomnia, irritability, loss of appetite, chills, racing heart, elevated body temperature Health Risks: Breast cysts in women, bladder cancer, heart problems, and high blood pressure Nicotine Natural stimulant found mainly in tobacco; known carcinogen In large doses it causes stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea, confusion, tremors Addictive Smoking responsible for 97% of lung cancer deaths in men, 74% in women Cigarettes and smokeless tobacco lead to many cancers, cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, and reproductive disorders Sedatives Barbiturates: Sedative drugs that depress brain activity
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Unformatted text preview: • Seconal and Amytal are two types GHB • GHB (Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate): – Central Nervous System (CNS) depressant that relaxes and sedates – Combination of degreasing solvent and drain cleaner – Sedative effects may result in nausea, loss of muscle control, and either sleep or a loss of consciousness – Inhibits gag reflex, so some choke to death on their own vomit – Addictive and deadly Tranquilizers • Tranquilizers: – Lower anxiety and reduce tension – Valium, Xanax, Halcion, and Librium are four types – Rohypnol: • Related to Valium; lowers inhibitions and produces relaxation or intoxication; larger doses can induce short-term amnesia and sleep • Date rape drug because it’s odorless and tasteless (“Roofies”) Abuse of Tranquilizers • May lead to physical dependence and severe emotional depression • Drug Interaction: – One drug increases the effect of another...
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Caffeine - • Seconal and Amytal are two types GHB •...

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